cancel
search
Search by IRC, Industry, sector, training package, IRC skills forecast or occupation.

Outdoor Recreation

Overview

The page provides information and data on the Outdoor Recreation sector, which is one component of the Sport, Fitness and Recreation industry.

The Outdoor Recreation sector includes nature-based tourism, camps and outdoor education, adventure therapy, and a full range of outdoor recreational activities such as cycling, fishing, bushwalking, canoeing, surfing, climbing and many others. While some of these activities may be considered a sport, there are many people who participate in them without association with a team, club or competition. The natural environment is typically a central component of an outdoor recreational activity. It is also noted that outdoor learning may occur in the absence of formal outdoor recreation education, through experiences rather than adherence to curriculum.

Outdoor recreation and education programs are delivered in a variety of venues, some in and around major tourist areas and natural heritage sites within an hour of capital cities. Others operate out of residential centres or are journey-based and explore areas that are only accessible by foot or boat.

Relevant organisations in this sector include commercial, not-for-profit and fee-for-service providers, state peak bodies, national peak bodies, volunteer organisations conducting programs for youth (for example, Scouts), the Department of Education and independent schools. These providers vary from small sole traders to multi-million-dollar national organisations.

Examples of job roles within this sector that require vocational education and training are:

  • Outdoor Adventure Guide
  • Fishing Guide
  • Youth Workers
  • Camp Managers.

Training package products for the Outdoor Recreation sectors have recently undergone extensive updating to meet the requirements of current standards for training packages and to further strengthen and align them to contemporary job roles and industry requirements.

Nationally recognised training for Outdoor Recreation occupations is delivered under the SIS – Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package. 

For more information on Aquatic and Community RecreationFitness and Sport sectors, please visit the respective pages.

Information sourced from the Sport and Recreation IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecast

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

The employment level in the Sport and Physical Recreation industry has risen substantially over the period between 2000 and 2018, with a further increase projected up until 2023. The Amusement and Other Recreation Activities industry has also seen a rise in employment levels over the same period and a further increase is predicted over the next five years.

Fitness Instructors, Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials make up over 25% of the Sport and Recreation Activities industry workforce (excluding Horse and Dog Racing Activities). Employment levels in these occupations are projected to further increase between 2018 and 2023, by 18.4% and 20.1% respectively.

Outdoor Adventure Guides currently make up less than 1% of the industry workforce, however the employment level for this occupation is projected to grow by 26.5% between 2018 and 2023.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were approximately 7,910 program enrolments in Outdoor Recreation sector qualifications during 2018 and 3,340 completions. Enrolment levels have decreased in 2018 after remaining fairly stable between 2015 and 2017. The number of completions has also decreased in 2018 after having risen between 2015 and 2017. The majority of training takes place at the certificate II level (71%), with the intended occupation of Outdoor Adventure Instructor most common.

Private training providers account for 39% of all training, with approximately 29% delivered by enterprise training providers and TAFE institutes making up 15%. Around 76% of all training is Commonwealth and state funded, with domestic fee-for-service (22%) making up the majority of what remains. These figures did vary depending on the training provider, with private training providers recording 54% of subjects as Commonwealth and state funded and 41% as domestic fee for service.

For students who enrolled in 2018 over 60% resided in three states, Queensland (24%), Victoria (20%) and New South Wales (17%).

Apprentices and trainees only make up a small portion of total training within the outdoor recreation sector. Completions peaked at 200 in 2013 then declined rapidly reaching a low-point of less than 70 in 2015 before increasing again to almost 100 in 2017. As at December 2018 the number of completions had declined to just under 80, however, commencements have continued to increase between 2016 and 2018, from around 90 to almost 130 commencements. The majority of apprentices and trainees in 2018 were enrolled at the certificate III level and training towards the occupation of Outdoor Adventure Guides. More than half of apprenticeships and traineeships in 2018 were reported in New South Wales (52%), followed by 32% in in Victoria.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of Total VET.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, please sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

According to the Sport and Recreation IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast, the following form the top priority skills required across the industry:

  • Teamwork and communication
  • Problem solving
  • Self-management
  • Technical/job-specific skills.

Other skills and knowledge gaps identified included:

  • Online and social media
  • Marketing
  • Initiative and enterprise (i.e. small business management)
  • Sports Administration.

The following generic skills were also identified as highest priority for the Sport and Recreation industry:

  • Customer Service/Marketing
  • Communication/Collaboration including virtual collaboration/Social intelligence
  • Learning agility/Information literacy/Intellectual autonomy and self-management
  • Design mindset/Thinking critically/System thinking/Solving problems
  • Managerial/Leadership.

The importance of communication skills is supported by findings from the job vacancy data, in which communication was identified as the most in demand advertised generic skill in the Sports and Recreation Activities industry (excluding Horse and Dog Racing Activities), followed by organisational skills, energetic, time management and detail orientated.

According to job vacancy data the most advertised occupations were for Fitness Instructors followed by Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials, and the top two employers are YMCA and Fitness First.

It’s predicted the release of the Australian Adventure Activity Standard (Aust AAS) and Good Practice Guides at the end of 2019 may impact training qualification enrolments in coming years. The Aust AAS has been designed to provide a national framework to help the Outdoor Recreation sector develop effective, responsible, sustainable and safe practices. Until now it has been up to individual states to develop voluntary standards, with many states presenting similar information but focusing on different activities. Although the Aust AAS will remain voluntary, it is expected that many operators will use the information to review operating procedures, employment and staff practices which in turn is expected to impact enrolments.

The Sport and Recreation IRC’s 2017 Skills Forecast reported that Outdoor Recreation employers in Australia are struggling to source adequately trained and skilled staff to meet the growth that the industry is experiencing. One issue in recruiting staff is the seasonal nature of Outdoor Recreation work. Depending on the time of year, potential employees must alternate between several skills specialisations and be willing to work in different regions to gain part-time and full-time work.

This is supported by findings from the 2013 National Outdoor Sector Survey which outlines the Outdoor Recreation sector’s difficulty in retaining and recruiting. According to this report, possible reasons for the difficulty in recruiting staff included the casual and part time nature of jobs and lack of opportunities to gain sector experience. The survey also highlighted a need for the development of soft skills within the industry workforce (for example, group management and facilitation).

The economic benefits of the Outdoor Recreation sector have largely been unquantified in past according to the Sport and Recreation IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast. In order to better understand this sector and the impacts it has on the Australian economy, a quantitative study was undertaken by SkillsIQ in partnership with Marsden Jacob Associates and Cadence Economics. The results of the study show that the estimated contribution of the Outdoor Recreation sector on the economy in one year is $11 billion, which is equivalent to approximately 1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In addition, the study found that nature based outdoor recreation activities provide benefits to the economy that extend through to avoided costs on the healthcare system; in New South Wales it’s estimated the sector will provide $480 million in lifetime avoided healthcare costs.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment 2018, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal

  • by ANZSIC 3 digit industries, employment projections to May 2023
    • 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities
    • 913 Amusement and Other Recreation Activities.
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2023
    • 4523 Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials
    • 4521 Fitness Instructors
    • 4524 Sportspersons
    • 1491 Amusement, Fitness and Sports Centre Managers
    • 3623 Greenkeepers
    • 5421 Receptionists
    • 6211 Sales Assistants (General)
    • 4522 Outdoor Adventure Guides.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ06, viewed 1 November 2018 http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202018?OpenDocument

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 3 digit industries, 2000 to 2018, May Quarter
    • 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities
    • 913 Amusement and Other Recreation Activities.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by:
    • 910 Sports and Recreation Activities, nfd
    • 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities
    • 913 Amusement and Other Recreation Activities
    • 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection and Total VET students and courses from the following training packages or qualifications:

  • SIS Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package
    • SIS20210 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS20213 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS30410 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS30413 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS40310 - Certificate IV in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS40313 - Certificate IV in Outdoor Recreation
    • SIS50310 - Diploma of Outdoor Recreation.
  • SRO Outdoor Recreation Industry Training Package (Superseded by SIS)
    • SRO20206 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO30206 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO40206 - Certificate IV in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO50206 - Diploma of Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO20203 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO20299 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO20303 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation (Multiple activities)
    • SRO20306 - Certificate II in Outdoor Recreation (Multiple Activities)
    • SRO30203 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO30299 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO30303 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation (Multiple activities)
    • SRO30306 - Certificate III in Outdoor Recreation (Multiple Activities)
    • SRO40203 - Certificate IV in Outdoor Recreation
    • SRO40299 - Certificate IV in Outdoor Recreation.

Superseded qualifications and training packages are grouped with current training products. 

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 program enrolments
  • 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 subject enrolments
  • 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training.  Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document.

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality. 

SIS Sport, Fitness and Recreation Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2018 commencements
  • 2010 to 2018 completions
  • 2018 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2018 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Sport and Recreation IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2019, Labour Insight Real-time Labour Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2019, https://www.burning-glass.com.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills, occupations and employers according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2016 and June 2019 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Generic skills / Occupations
    • Community and Personal Service Workers
    • Managers
    • Clerical and Administrative Workers
    • 9111 Health and Fitness Centres and Gymnasia Operation  
    • 9112 Sport and Physical Recreation Clubs and Sports Professionals  
    • 9113 Sports and Physical Recreation Venues, Grounds and Facilities Operation  
    • 9114 Sport and Physical Recreation Administrative Service  
    • 9131 Amusement Parks and Centres Operation  
    • 9139 Amusement and Other Recreation Activities n.e.c.
  • Employers
    • 4521 Fitness Instructors  
    • 4523 Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials  
    • 5412 Information Officers  
    • 1311 Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers  
    • 4319 Other Hospitality Workers  
    • 9111 Health and Fitness Centres and Gymnasia Operation  
    • 9112 Sport and Physical Recreation Clubs and Sports Professionals  
    • 9113 Sports and Physical Recreation Venues, Grounds and Facilities Operation  
    • 9114 Sport and Physical Recreation Administrative Service  
    • 9131 Amusement Parks and Centres Operation  
    • 9139 Amusement and Other Recreation Activities n.e.c.
Updated: 01 Nov 2019
To Top