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Forest and Wood Products


This page provides high level information and data on the Forest and Wood Products industry which comprises two main industry sectors:

  • Forestry
  • Timber Processing and Products.

Forestry sub-sectors include:

  • Forest Growing and Management
  • Harvesting and Haulage.

Timber Processing and Products sub-sectors include:

  • Sawmilling and Processing
  • Timber Manufactured Products
  • Wood Panel and Board Production
  • Timber Merchandising.

The Forest and Wood Products industry generated $23.1 billion in revenue and contributed $7.2 billion to Australian gross domestic product (GDP) in the 2019–20 financial year.

Since the release of the Forest and Wood Products IRC's 2019 Skills Forecast, the number of non-employing businesses and small (1 to 19 employees) businesses has declined, particularly in forestry. However, this is the result of consolidation within the industry, which has seen a doubling in the number of large businesses (200+ employees). The log sawmilling sector has consolidated, with companies increasing their scale, and smaller hardwood millers exiting the industry. The number of large businesses has also increased in logging, timber resawing and dressing and wooden structural fitting and component manufacturing. There is considerable variation between industry sectors but employment growth is expected in most sectors.

Forest and Wood Products are a critical regional industry for the future for Australia and will need a skilled workforce to sustain it. The industry has the capacity to provide considerable support for the Australian economy in a carbon-constrained world. Developing a skilled workforce in planting, engineered wood products and the use of biomass will be critical to capitalising on these opportunities.

Nationally recognised training for the Forest and Wood Products industry is delivered under the FWP – Forest and Wood Products Training Package.

Unlike many training packages, the vast majority of enrolments in this Training Package do not occur in major cities. Relatively low formal use of the Training Package is an ongoing issue. Industry maintains that low numbers of enrolments do not indicate an absence of training needs, but rather that the vocational education and training (VET) sector fails to recognise, understand and deal with costs, issues and problems associated with thin markets, regional delivery and specialised industries.

Industry has developed a preference for skills development on an ad hoc basis, with many employers hiring workers with basic skills, often new entrants to the industry, and then upskilling them, or offering training for existing employees during the course of employment when necessary (e.g. upskilling in new technology). Training is often conducted in-house by experienced workers.

Many enterprises use the Forest and Wood Products Training Package units of competency as skills standards for purposes other than training. This includes using the skills standards to map the requirements of a particular job role, or to map the requirements of a particular function. Units of competency are also used as the basis of determining individual career pathways, workforce development plans, and are often reflected in position descriptions.

For more information and data specific to Forestry and Timber Processing and Products please visit the respective pages.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

Industry cluster snapshot

Employment and training snapshot

Employment levels for Forestry and Logging, Wood Product Manufacturing, and Timber and Hardware Goods Wholesaling have fluctuated over the period between 2002 and 2022 - although the overall trend has been downwards. Employment levels in the Forestry and Logging and Wood Product Manufacturing industry sectors are expected to decrease further by 2025, whereas a slight increase is projected for Timber and Hardware Goods Wholesaling over the same period.

Enrolments in Forest and Wood Products-related qualifications have declined overall between 2017 and 2021 from around 2,140 to just under 1,760. Program completions increased between 2017 and 2019, peaking at approximately 810, before falling over the next two years to around 340 in 2021.

Over the past five years, a large proportion of Forest and Wood Products-related subjects were not delivered as part of a nationally recognised program – rising from just over 60% in 2017 to over 70% in 2021.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Forest and Wood Products IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast identified the following generic skills as top priority for the industry:

  • Technology and use application skills
  • Environmental and sustainability skills
  • Language, literacy and numeracy skills.

Anticipating future skills needs is crucial to prepare for and meet new demands for forest sustainability and timber product markets in Australia. Leading indicators of current and future skills needs in the sector include:

  • Advancements of processing initiatives within manufacturing fields, including bioenergy, biochemicals, artificial intelligence, new engineered wood products and new building systems impacting the industry skills and workforce profiles
  • Changes to the National Construction Code allowing for timber manufactured products to be used in high rise buildings up to 25 metres in height, creating cross sector relationships with commercial construction and new skill considerations
  • Future changes in workplace and job design which are driven by innovation at the business and/or industry level as a result of technological advancements, including drones, scanners, laser scanners, cutters and finishing systems, plant genomes, block-chain applications and big data analytics.

The above Skills Forecast reports specific skills shortages which relate to the occupations of Specialist Engineers, Scientists and Mechanics, and Mobile and Fixed-Plant Operators. A need has also been indicated for workers with high-level financial, middle management and information and communication technology (ICT) skills. Recruiting skilled managers and professional staff, transport workers, finance managers and heavy machinery operators is also problematic for many regional businesses.

The Forest and Wood Products IRC's 2020 Skills Forecast highlights key issues affecting the industry:

  • Climate change is driving a push for planting more trees, as well as less carbon intensive construction methods, and novel uses of biomass for energy and other purposes
  • Bushfires, and the increased risk of bushfires, are impacting the industry in both terms of the resources available to the industry and new training challenges posed
  • Ensuring workplaces are as safe as possible, particularly in remote areas
  • The ongoing challenge of accessing training in thin, regionally dispersed, markets
  • Employers throughout the country continue to be concerned about the need for career pathways into and within the industry.

The impact of the 2019–20 bushfire season on native and plantation timbers was far greater than anticipated and will have a significant impact on the industry now and into the future, particularly in New South Wales, Victoria and on Kangaroo Island in South Australia. Maximising salvage operations was a priority in the immediate aftermath of the fires. In the short term, demand for harvesting and haulage of plantation softwoods exceeded the capacity of the industry, and sawmills put on extra shifts to process salvaged wood. In the longer term, re-establishing plantations will be a major focus. The environmental constraints on re-establishing plantations require a different skill set than the work associated with establishing plantations in areas unaffected by fire.

Further, from a skills and workforce perspective, forest workers are increasingly being deployed during the bushfire season to perform roles that are distinct from their roles as forestry operations contractors and managers. Working in bushfire management, mitigation and firefighting has been described by the industry as being as much a core part of work as tree harvest operations or planting. Forest workers are involved in firefighting activities, including:

  • Defending resource and forestry assets
  • Salvage operations after the fire has passed
  • Fire suppression efforts in land use such as farms and national parks
  • Make-safe operations and road clearing
  • Re-establishing plantations.

Forestry operators need to be effectively trained and ready to respond and assist but it is unclear whether all current employees have the skills to perform all these roles.

The use of robotics is increasing for materials handling, processing and surfacing. Investments in research and technology show the pipeline of future skills needs. The acquisition of these skills across the workforce has begun and will gradually transform the way work is performed in the Forest and Wood Products industry.

The Forestry sector is becoming safer, more environmentally sustainable and more productive thanks to the use of new technologies such as digital maps, forest operation plans, and new harvesting systems. Many job roles have adapted to incorporate the technical and digital skills required to use a range of new technologies. At the same time, skills and safety standards have developed in other areas of timber harvesting, including those that use more traditional technologies such as chainsaws. The Forest Management and Harvesting Industry Reference Committee's New Timber Harvesting Technologies Project was created in response to the need to capture these important skills in nationally endorsed skills standards, to support the timber harvesting industry as it moves towards better ways of meeting the high demand for sustainably grown timber in Australia.

As a result of consultation throughout this project, the skills needed to perform harvesting activities using new technologies were captured in five new units of competency. The project also reviewed and updated 25 units across the forest harvesting sector, so that they are up to date with current work practices, safety standards and equipment. They also reflect the skills required by harvesting machine operators who are involved in winch assisted harvesting and forestry site preparation on steep slopes. The skills needed to use chainsaws within a tree when conducting tree trimming or dismantling work are defined. The case for endorsement was approved by the AISC in August 2020.

The Forest and Wood Products IRC's 2021 Skills Forecast reminds us that the Forest and Wood Products industry has been operating for the last two years in the most complex and challenging environments experienced in memory. There has been an increase in local demand, and plans remain in place for substantial industry investment, particularly in Northern Australia. While trying to support growth, industry has also been dealing with some of the biggest challenges ever faced and have been under pressure to solve these problems rapidly to meet public demand and national interest. Devastating bushfires in major production areas were followed by the impacts of COVID-19, which built on existing challenges from the changeable and uncertain policy conditions surrounding the environmental restrictions and credentials of operators working with this natural and renewable resource.

The Forest Management and Harvesting Industry Reference Committee is overseeing the Entry Level Forestry Skills Project. New entrants to the Forestry sector are needed to keep up with demand for forest products and deliver on government commitments to plant more trees. Local and global markets continue to seek out a range of products, from new wood-fibre based plastic alternatives to the softwood used to build new homes. Meeting this demand in a sustainable way is a key focus of industry and governments, with the Australian Federal Government committed to planting a billion trees over the next decade, in addition to the 70 million trees already planted each year. It is important that Regional Forestry Hubs have access to a skilled workforce, so that they can continue to meet product demand while delivering on sustainability targets. Consultations have taken place to update entry level qualifications and skills standards for the Forestry sector. As a result, industry will soon have access to updated national entry level qualifications that better support learners' career paths and reflect practical skills.

The Committee is also overseeing the High-Level Forestry Skills Project. Skilled management, supervision and planning are integral skills for growing sustainable forests for timber, wood and fibre products. High level expertise is required for maintaining safe work practices, improving forest health and optimising forest management practices. As industry adopts new technologies and work practices, updated skills are also required for working with data and the latest equipment. While there is high demand for workers with the skills to manage, supervise and plan forestry operations, there is a shortage of people qualified and available to perform the work. It is important that the Diploma of Forest and Forest Products and Certificate IV in Forest Operations which support high level forestry skills are kept up to date, so that industry can access the skills it needs to lead it into the future. This project is focused on ensuring that forest operations supervisors, forest contractor business managers and early career foresters will soon have access to updated, industry-developed, practically focused and flexibly structured qualifications.

Performing forestry work in remote conditions requires skills to promote individual safety as well as the safety of the team. The ability to maintain concentration over long periods of time and operate heavy machinery in conditions that can be unpredictable is crucial. Skills are also required to respond to emergency situations if they occur. All members of small forestry teams require expertise in mental health awareness and first aid, to promote the wellbeing of themselves and their peers. Leadership skills are essential to reinforce safe practices and promote and shape a safety culture in the workforce. As a result of the contributions made to the Remote Forestry Operations Project, the forest industry will soon have access to national skills standards that will help foster a safety culture and practices among workers in remote forest operations. The units describe the skills and knowledge required to apply situational awareness and a safety mindset while working in team situations or alone, in isolation or out of line of sight.

The fourth current Committee project is the Responding and Assisting in Bushfires Project which came about after the bushfires of 2019–20 brought attention to how forestry operators, arborists and other service providers can support the prevention and clean-up of bushfires. The events also highlighted the need for updated national skills standards to support this work. Industry feedback indicated that a range of skill gaps emerged in recent bushfires, particularly in relation to effective communication and awareness of hazards associated with recovery activities. The Federal Government's Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements also highlighted the importance of skills in mechanical thinning and its potential to reduce the intensity and rate of spread of a bushfire. Experts in the field are being consulted to assess the skills gaps among workers who assist in bushfire recovery operations and to propose training package solutions. Broad stakeholder consultation is scheduled to commence in March 2022.

In New South Wales the Legislative Council Portfolio Committee No. 4 – Regional NSW, Water and Agriculture has commenced an Inquiry Into the Long Term Sustainability and Future of the Timber and Forest Products Industry. The Committee will inquire into and report on the long term sustainability and future of the timber and forest products industry and the role of the Forestry Corporation and other government agencies in supporting the industry. There are 229 written submissions on the Inquiry website, which provide a range of detailed perspectives on the terms of reference. There is currently no release date for the Committee's report.

The objective of the Culture, Training and Skills Assessment Report is to assess how factors relating to industry culture, skills and training impact the current state, opportunities and barriers to expansion within the forest growing and forest processing sectors in Tasmania. The study involved extensive analysis of published and unpublished literature, and stakeholder consultation through an online survey and interviews with people from key parts of the sector. The analysis found those leading Tasmania's forest sector aspire for it to be a high-quality, high-technology industry employing more highly skilled workers. This suggests that the sector can build on Tasmania's strong positive association with forests and the timber industry, and the global view of timber as a renewable, environmentally friendly and low-carbon product, to attract investment capital and a new generation of more highly qualified workers. A strong and vibrant forest management and forest products sector can contribute towards creating more resilient and secure employment opportunities for communities across Tasmania while contributing towards Australia's greenhouse gas reduction and environmental sustainability goals.

The Tasmanian Forest Industry Workforce Development and Implementation Plan (2021 to 2025) outlines strategic workforce development goals, required outcomes and targeted actions to attract, train and retain people with the skills necessary to capitalise on Tasmania's opportunity to be a world leader in producing and manufacturing sustainable and innovative wood and fibre products. The four goals are:

  • Career pathways mapped and supported – career pathways with multiple entry and exit points are documented and promoted from school age to mature age; they are used by all relevant stakeholders.
  • Relevant education and training available and used – engagement with formal and informal education and training providers to map out how to increase the knowledge, skills and qualifications of new and existing employees and employers, via relevant education and training services and take action.
  • Focus on employees and workplace diversity – employers have the skills to manage a diverse workforce; they are looking after employees so that people from diverse backgrounds can flourish in the workplace and skilled employees are retained. Workplaces are safe and supportive.
  • Effective promotion, attraction and retainment – attracting people with the 'right soft and/or hard skills'; attracting people from diverse backgrounds (cultural background, gender, age, level of education) including from related sectors, and especially younger people; promoting a sustainable industry that looks after the social, environmental, and economic well-being of its people and communities.

Growing Our Low-Carbon Future: Time for Timber states that the construction and built environment sector is responsible for approximately 40% of global energy related CO2 emissions. A significant percentage of this comes from the extraction, processing and energy-intensive manufacturing of building products. To achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050, construction must rapidly decarbonise whilst still meeting the needs of a growing urban population, the increasing demand for new buildings and the urgent requirement to renovate existing buildings. Wood is the only sustainable structural material that grows worldwide which can enable a substantial decarbonisation of the built environment based on existing business models and proven technology. Wood is a naturally renewable material which:

  • Sequesters carbon in forests as trees grow
  • Stores carbon in harvested wood products
  • Substitutes for carbon intensive materials such as steel, concrete and plastics
  • Drives sustainable forest management leading to greater growth
  • Contributes to a circular economy as wood products can be reused, recycled and recovered for low-carbon energy at end-of-life.

Policy recommendations include: increasing training to upskill workers and create new jobs to boost the development of a sustainable and circular bioeconomy; developing new areas such as modern renovation and prefabrication which require different skillsets and knowledge bases; enhancing training and education to develop new skills in nature-based materials; and improving traditional manufacturing in wood industries.

COVID-19 impact

Australia's Forest and Wood Products industry manufacture and deliver a range of essential services and products, many of which experienced record demand as a result of COVID-19. The integrated nature of the industry meant the continued supply of these vital products was contingent upon the continuation of the entire forest products supply chain. Harvesting pulp logs for paper and cardboard manufacturers is only commercially and operationally feasible if higher-value timber for sawmills is also harvested. Forest product industries were deemed ‘essential services’ and continued to operate throughout the COVID-19 crisis to ensure Australians continued to have access to essential goods and services, including:

  • Toilet paper, tissues, medical products, sanitary products and other paper products that experienced record demand
  • Cardboard packaging for supermarket and retail deliveries, including pharmaceuticals
  • Food and beverage packaging
  • Wooden pallets for supermarkets and other retailers' distribution operations
  • Timber for housing and building construction
  • Newspaper for most of Australia's metropolitan and regional newspapers, which are an essential source of information for the community
  • Supply of wood residues to the agriculture sector, essential for food production
  • Sawn timber and Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) used to make poles for electricity and telecommunications services, as well as fence posts, which are in high demand after the catastrophic bushfires
  • Firewood, which is the main source of heating for many households.

Registered training organisations (RTOs) delivering to industry were able to continue with training delivery on worksites in forests where they could easily maintain a healthy distance between the learner and the trainer. Training delivery in classrooms was, however, affected. Rooms with a capacity of 18 students became limited to 8 people at a time. For some RTOs the reduced class sizes rendered some courses financially unviable to deliver. Some training that required the trainer to be close to the learner, such as in first aid and chainsaw courses, was cancelled or postponed. This impacted businesses internal training programs and staff development. Where possible training was moved to online and blended delivery. The previously common practice of sending trainers interstate to deliver training and assessment was limited by border restrictions. Professional development opportunities from industry associations shifted to webinars, e-learning, podcasts, videos, and social media posts.

Individual companies have implemented management strategies for COVID-19 in accordance with state and federal restrictions and protocols. Strategies included work from home and physical distancing protocols, providing hand sanitiser in the workplace, and re-arranging operations and processes to mitigate the spread of the disease.

The new Australian agriculture visa was established to build on successful existing Pacific worker schemes and respond to workforce shortages across the agriculture, fisheries, and forestry sectors as the nation emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic and borders reopened. Industry bodies including the Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) welcomed the recognition that like many industries across agriculture, forest industries also require the flexibility to onboard international workers in response to workforce shortages, including in activities like planting new production trees.

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant research, organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.


IRCs and Skills Forecasts

Forest and Wood Products IRCs


Relevant research

AFPA Welcomes Federal Government Extension of HomeBuilder Start Date [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Aussie Sawmills Lead Employment Surge in Timber Industries [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Australia's Forests at a Glance 2019 – Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)

Australia's Timber Framing Cliff – 250,000 House Frames Short by 2035 – Master Builders Australia (MBA) and Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Australian Forest and Wood Products Statistics – Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)

Culture, Training and Skills Assessment Report – prepared for the North-North West Tasmania Regional Forestry Hub by the University of Melbourne, Faculty of Science, School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences

Djarlma Plan for the Western Australian Forestry Industry: A Framework for Action 2019–2030 – Forest Products Commission (FPC)

Effects of Bushfires and COVID-19 on the Forestry and Wood Processing Sectors – Linden Whittle for Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)

Federal Government Unlocks Potential for 100 Million New Trees – Delivering Timber for Homes and Steps Toward Net Zero [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Forest Industries Have the Potential to Deliver a Win, Win, Win in Climate Fight – Ross Hampton

Forestry Industry Brigades: Training Specifications and Guidelines – Country Fire Authority (CFA)

Forestry Log Haulage: Draft Code of Practice – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) and Australian Forest Contractors Association (AFCA)

Growing a Better Australia: A Billion Trees for Jobs and Growth – Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources

Growing Our Low-Carbon Future: Time for Timber – CEI-Bois and UK TTF

Inclusion of Forestry Sector Under Australian Agriculture Visa Welcomed [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Inquiry Into the Long Term Sustainability and Future of the Timber and Forest Products Industry – New South Wales. Parliament. Legislative Council. Portfolio Committee No. 4 – Regional NSW, Water and Agriculture

Joinery 2020: Australian Joinery Industry Overview – Cabinets by Computer and goCabinets

National Forest Industries Plan: Implementation, Election Commitments and Other Measures – Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment

New Nursery to Grow More Timber and Gippsland Jobs [media release] – Victorian Government

Northern Forestry and Forest Products Industry Situational Analysis – Michael Stephens, Tim Woods, Clarissa Brandt, Mila Bristow and Mark Annandale for Cooperative Research Centre for Developing Northern Australia (CRCNA)

Premier Announces Softwood Investment – Forest Products Commission (FPC)

'Safe and Skilled' Made More Accessible to Forestry Workers [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA), Australian Forest Contractors Association (AFCA) and ForestWorks

Sector Snapshot: Timber Frame and Truss Sector: December 2020 – Victorian Skills Commissioner

Shortage of Vital Timber Pallets Highlights Just How Essential Forest Industries Are [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Sixteen Months on From Bushfires, Forest Industries' Mission to Use as Much Burnt Timber as Possible for Home Construction is Coming to an End [media release] – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Storing Carbon for a Cleaner Future – A Snapshot – Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Tasmanian Forest Industry Workforce Development and Implementation Plan (2021 to 2025) – Tasmanian Forests and Forest Products Network (TFFPN)

The Value of Being 'Essential' – IndustryEdge

Upscaling the Australian Softwood Sawmill Industry: Feasibility and Implications for Future Plantation Investment – Linden Whittle and Rhys Downham for Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)

Victorian Forestry Plan – Victorian Government

Wood Encouragement Policy for Western Australia – Forest Products Commission (FPC)


Industry associations and advisory bodies

Arboriculture Australia

Australasian Pulp and Paper Technical Association (APPITA)

Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB)

Australian Cabinet and Furniture Association (ACFA)

Australian Forest Contractors Association (AFCA)

Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA)

Australian Glass and Window Association (AGWA)

Australian Timber Importers Federation Inc (ATIF)

Australian Timber Trainers Association (ATTA)

Australian Woodworking Industry Suppliers Association Ltd (AWISA)

Cabinet Makers Association of Western Australia (CMAWA)

Engineered Wood Products Association of Australasia (EWPAA)

Forest and Wood Products Australia (FWPA)

Forest Industries Federation (WA) Inc (FIFWA)

Forest Industry Council (Southern NSW) Inc (FIC)

Forest Research Mount Gambier (University of South Australia)

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Australia

Forestry Australia (formerly Institute of Foresters of Australia (IFA) and Australian Forest Growers (AFG))


Frame and Truss Manufacturers Association of Australia (FTMA)

Glued Laminated Timber Association of Australia (GLTAA)

Interior Fitout Association (IFA)

Master Builders Association of Victoria (MBAV)

MGA TMA (Timber Merchants Australia)

Picture Framers Guild of Australia Inc (PFGA)

Responsible Wood (formerly Australian Forestry Standard Ltd)

Tasmanian Forest Products Association (TFPA)

Tasmanian Forests and Forest Products Network (TFFPN)

Tasmanian Sawmillers Association (TSA)

Timber and Building Materials Association (TABMA) Australia

Timber Development Association of New South Wales (TDA)

Timber NSW Ltd

Timber Preservers Association of Australia (TPAA)

Timber Queensland Ltd

Timber Trade Industrial Association (TTIA)

Timber Veneer Association of Australia (TVAA)

Victorian Forest Products Association (VFPA)



Government bodies

National Timber Councils Association (NTCA)

Timber Towns Victoria (TTV)


Employee associations

Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)

Australian Workers’ Union (AWU)

Construction Forestry Maritime Mining and Energy Union (CFMMEU)

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment 2021, Industry Employment Projections viewed 1 August 2021, Labour Market Information Portal

  • by ANZSIC 2 and 3 digit industry, employment projections to May 2025
    • 03 Forestry and Logging
    • 14 Wood Product Manufacturing
    • 333 Timber and Hardware Goods Wholesaling.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2022, 6291.0.55.001 - EQ06 - Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, viewed 1 August 2022.

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 2 and 3 digit industry, 2002 to 2022, May Quarter
    • 03 Forestry and Logging
    • 14 Wood Product Manufacturing
    • 333 Timber and Hardware Goods Wholesaling.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the FWP Forest and Wood Products Training Package.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2017 to 2021 program enrolments
  • 2017 to 2021 program completions
  • 2017 to 2021 subject enrolments.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document.

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

Updated: 28 Nov 2022
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