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Electronics and Computers

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Electronics and Computers sector, which is a component of the Electrotechnology industry.

The Electronics and Computers sector includes the design, maintenance, installation and repair of electronic equipment and computers. The Electronics and Computers workforce is employed across a wide variety of industries such as Computer System Design, Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing, and Repairs and Maintenance.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required for Electronics and Computers sector related occupations such as:

  • Electronics Trades Workers
  • Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians.

Nationally recognised training for the Electronics and Computers sector is delivered under the UEE – Electrotechnology Training Package.

For information on Electrical Engineering, Electrical Services, Industrial Control, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, and Renewable and Sustainable Energy sectors please visit the respective pages.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Employment levels for the occupation of Electronics Trades Workers has fluctuated over the last 20 years, peaking at 43,900 in 2009 and declining to a low of 25,900 in 2021. The employment level is projected to decline over the next four years to approximately 24,400. Electronics Trades Workers are employed in a wide range of industries according to the 2016 census, with the largest proportion working in Repairs and Maintenance followed by Construction Services.

The employment level for Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians declined by more than half between 2001 and 2021 (from 10,800 to 5,100), however a small increase is predicted by 2025. The 2016 census data indicates that Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians are employed in a wide range of industries with the Defence industry accounting for the largest proportion at approximately 17%, followed by Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing at over 12%.

Overall, the employment level for Computer Network Professionals has risen almost 87% between 2001 and 2021, from 19,500 to 36,400. This upward trend is expected to continue with employment levels predicted to grow to 53,400 by 2025. According to the 2016 census, approximately a third of Computer Network Professionals are employed in Computer System Design and Related Services with the rest distributed throughout a range of other industries.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were approximately 2,270 program enrolments in Electronics and Computers related qualifications during 2020, and close to 840 completions. Although both program enrolments and completions have decreased overall between 2016 and 2020, increases were recorded between 2018 and 2019.

More than one third (36%) of enrolments during 2020 were at the certificate II level for Electronics and Computers related qualifications, while most of the remaining enrolments occurred at a certificate III (33%) and diploma or higher (25%) level.

More than half of the enrolments were in Certificate II, III & IV in Electronics and Communications (57%) with the intended occupations of Electronic Equipment Trades Worker and Electrical or Telecommunications Trades Assistant. Approximately 17% of enrolments were in a Diploma & Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering which had the only intended occupation of an Electronic Engineering Technician, and equally 17% of enrolments were in a Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair / Certificate II in Electronic Assembly with the sole intended occupation of an Electrical or Telecommunications Trades Assistant.

For enrolments during 2020, TAFE institutes provided the majority of all training (79%), with the remainder split between private training providers (12%) and universities (10%). Most training that was delivered by universities was at the diploma and above level.

For subject enrolments during 2020, close to three quarters (73%) were Commonwealth and state funded, with the remaining portion made up by international fee for service (20%) and domestic fee for service (8%). This varied significantly for private training providers where the overwhelming majority of enrolments were international fee for service (97%), with the remainder funded by domestic fee for service.

One quarter of students enrolled in Electronics and Computers related qualifications during 2020 were from Western Australia (25%), followed by New South Wales (22%), Victoria (17%) and overseas (14%). Additionally, training was predominantly delivered in Western Australia (29%), Victoria (27%), and New South Wales (24%).

In 2020, there were 360 apprentice and trainee commencements in Electronics and Computers related qualifications. These figures have increased slightly after remaining stable since 2018 but are still below the peak figure in 2011 of 460. Completions figures peaked at close to 340 in 2014 and have declined since then, with a slight increase in 2017 and then continuing to fall to 200 in 2019 before a significant increase in 2020 to 330.  

Almost all apprentices in training were undertaking the Certificate III in Electronics and Communications qualification in 2020, and training towards the intended occupation of Electronic Equipment Trades Worker. Close to two thirds (61%) of training was reported by New South Wales, followed by Queensland at 15% and Western Australia at 10%.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry group or training package, visit NCVER’s Data Builder.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of Total VET.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

The exponential growth of Internet of Things (IoT) connected devices, coupled with 5G and wireless technologies, and an increasing demand for workers in the Electrotechnology industry, have been identified in the Electrotechnology IRC’s 2020 Skills Forecast as factors driving the need for upskilling the workforce in the effective operation of these new technologies. The number of IoT connected devices is expected to increase from the current 25 billion to 75 billion in 2025, particularly as buildings are commonly being embedded with smart systems. In addition, 5G technology not only allows for faster speeds but also an increased number of connected devices, both of which support the increasing use of the IoT.

The Australian Computer Society has been referenced in the Electrotechnology IRC’s 2020 Skills Forecast as having identified a need for enhanced computer science skills, particularly in the development and servicing of technologies that can automatically and remotely monitor assets. It has been expressed that the Electrotechnology industry will need to anticipate and adapt to these needs in order to prepare for the widespread integration of these technologies.

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has expedited the utilisation of electronic and communication systems. Computer and communication systems form an integral part of smart and automated systems and platforms used in all industries. In The Industry Outlook 2021, the Electrotechnology IRC has proposed projects to update electronics and communication qualifications as well as computer systems engineering qualifications to support the digital transformation of the sector.

For an analysis of Electrotechnology IRC priority skills and job vacancy data, see the Electrotechnology industry cluster page.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment 2021, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSCO 4 digit selected occupations, employment projections to May 2025
    • 2631 Computer Network Professionals
    • 3124 Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians
    • 3423 Electronics Trades Workers.

 

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2021, 6291.0.55.001 - EQ08 - Employed persons by Occupation unit group of main job (ANZSCO), Sex, State and Territory, August 1986 onwards, viewed 1 August 2021, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/labour/employment-and-unemployment/labour-force-australia-detailed/may-2021

  • Employed total by ANZSCO 4 digit occupations, 2001 to 2021, May Quarter
    • 2631 Computer Network Professionals
    • 3124 Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians
    • 3423 Electronics Trades Workers.

 

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 4 digit VET-related occupations, and 2 digit level industries to identify the distribution of VET-related occupation workforce across industry sectors.

 

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

UEE/UEE11 – Electrotechnology and UTE Electrotechnology Training Packages

  • Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair / Certificate II in Electronic Assembly
    • UEE20506 - Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair
    • UEE20507 - Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair
    • UEE20510 - Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair
    • UEE20511 - Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair
    • UEE20520 - Certificate II in Computer Assembly and Repair
    • UEE20911 - Certificate II in Electronic Assembly
    • UEE20920 - Certificate II in Electronic Assembly.
  • Certificate II, III & IV in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE21907 - Certificate II in Electronics
    • UEE21910 - Certificate II in Electronics
    • UEE21911 - Certificate II in Electronics
    • UEE21920 - Certificate II in ElectronicsUEE30907 - Certificate III in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE30910 - Certificate III in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE30911 - Certificate III in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE30920 - Certificate III in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE40707 - Certificate IV in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE40710 - Certificate IV in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE40711 - Certificate IV in Electronics and Communications
    • UEE40720 - Certificate IV in Electronics and Communications.
  • Certificate III & IV in Computer Systems Equipment
    • UEE30207 - Certificate III in Computer Systems Equipment
    • UEE30210 - Certificate III in Computer Systems Equipment
    • UEE30211 - Certificate III in Computer Systems Equipment
    • UEE30220 - Certificate III in Computer Systems Equipment
    • UEE40110 - Certificate IV in Computer Systems
    • UEE40111 - Certificate IV in Computer Systems
    • UEE40120 - Certificate IV in Computer Systems.
  • Diploma & Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE50107 - Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE50110 - Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE50111 - Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE50120 - Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE60407 - Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE60410 - Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE60411 - Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering
    • UEE60420 - Advanced Diploma of Computer Systems Engineering.
  • Diploma & Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE50507 - Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE50510 - Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE50511 - Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE50520 - Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE60210 - Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE60211 - Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering
    • UEE60220 - Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering.
  • Engineering Technology - Electronics or Computer Systems (Advanced Diploma)
    • UEE61711 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology – Electronics
    • UEE61720 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology – Electronics
    • UEE61811 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology - Computer Systems
    • UEE61820 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology - Computer Systems.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2016 to 2020 program enrolments
  • 2016 to 2020 subject enrolments
  • 2016 to 2020 program completions.

 

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document.

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

UEE/UEE11 – Electrotechnology and UTE Electrotechnology Training Packages apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2011 to 2020 commencements
  • 2011 to 2020 completions
  • apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2020 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.
Updated: 28 Oct 2021
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