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Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping sector, which is a component of the Amenity Horticulture and Conservation industry. The Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping sector comprises five sub-sectors:

  • Arboriculture
  • Landscape Services
  • Gardening Services
  • Turf and Sports Turf Management
  • Retail Nursery and Nursery Production.

The Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping sector includes companies that conduct the following activities:

  • Tree-care operations
  • Lawn care and maintenance of plants and shrubs
  • Landscape construction including provision of retaining walls, paths and drainage systems
  • Turf growing and harvesting
  • Growing and selling trees, shrubs, ornamental plants and bulbs.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required in the sector for occupations such as:

  • Gardeners
  • Greenkeepers
  • Arborists
  • Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural Plant Operators
  • Garden and Nursery Labourers.

Nationally recognised training for the Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping sector is delivered under the AHC – Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management Training Package.

For information on the Conservation and Land Management and Production Horticulture sectors please visit the respective pages.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

Employment trends

There is insufficiently detailed data on employment in the Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping sector to provide an accurate analysis of employment trends.

For employment data, please refer to the Amenity Horticulture and Conservation industry cluster page.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were approximately 14,340 program enrolments and more than 2,730 program completions in Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping-related qualifications in 2020. Enrolments rose 34% between 2019 and 2020, whereas completions declined slightly (3%).

In 2020, most program enrolments (89%) were at certificate III and nearly two-thirds (65%) of qualifications were in Landscaping, with 13% in Aboriculture and 12% in Parks and Gardens. Landscape Gardener was the main intended occupation for Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping-related qualifications.   

Overall, slightly more than half (53%) of all Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping-related qualifications were delivered by private training providers in 2020, with TAFE institutes delivering 42%. However, there was considerable variation across the industry related qualifications. Most of the training was government-funded (72%), with domestic fee-for-service arrangements comprising 28%.

Queensland (47%) had the highest proportion of students enrolled in Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping-related qualifications in 2020, followed by New South Wales (24%) and Victoria (21%). Almost half (48%) of training in these industry-related qualifications was delivered in Queensland, with both New South Wales and Victoria both delivering 22% each.

The number of apprenticeship and traineeship commencements increased in 2020 to more than 3,150 compared with 2019. Completions decreased between 2019 and 2020, from approximately 1,260 to 1,140 respectively.

The main intended occupation of the apprenticeships and traineeships in 2020 was Landscape Gardener followed by Gardener (General) and Arborist. More than two-thirds of industry-related apprenticeships and traineeships were undertaken in New South Wales (36%) and Victoria (35%), followed by Queensland (18%).

For more data specific to your occupation, industry group or training package, visit NCVER’s Data Builder.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of Total VET.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Agriculture, Horticulture, Conservation and Land Management IRC’s 2021 Skills Forecast (Annual Update) outlines the trends that have emerged in 2020, including the impacts of COVID-19, attracting new industry workers and upsurge in demand for nursery and landscaping products and services. The Skills Forecast notes the trends, challenges and issues identified in the IRC’s 2020 Annual Update to 2019 – 2022 Skills Forecast remain relevant.

Within the Amenity Horticulture and Conservation industries, COVID-19 lockdowns have impacted some sectors, such as landscaping and arboriculture, with activities suspended in commercial environments and in municipalities. The business-as-usual approach was reviewed and new practices were introduced to accommodate social distancing, smaller crews and better hygiene protocols.

The closure of international borders has also impacted labour supply in Amenity Horticulture and Landscaping industries, with industry visa holders returning to their home countries. For example, Arboriculture relies heavily on European and United Kingdom (UK) climbers to work in Australia through industry visa arrangements. Their return home has created a significant shortage of climbers hindering the completion of works.

Further, among employers with job opportunities in the Amenity Horticulture, Arboriculture and related industries there are perceptions they did not receive support to attract new workers. This is despite long-term labour shortages exacerbated by COVID-19 and the availability of people who have been displaced from their usual work and are seeking new opportunities.

Demand for nursery and landscaping products and services has surged, as a result of COVID-19, with many people spending a greater proportion of their time at home, bringing into sharper focus their use of domestic space, notably gardens. Nurseries were inundated with new and experienced customers seeking to develop and upgrade their gardens and veggie patches. According to the 2021 Skills Forecast, gardening is predicted to maintain its increased popularity due to associated economic, recreational, health and environmental benefits. Further, with growing evidence that new customers plan to maintain and extend their home and community gardening, the demand for complementary skilled landscaping and nursery workers could increase.

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant research, organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.

 

IRC and skills forecasts

Amenity Horticulture, Landscaping, Conservation & Land Management IRC

 

Industry associations and advisory bodies

Arboriculture Australia

Australian Capital Tree Community

Australian Environmental Pest Managers Association

Australian Flower Council

Australian Golf Course Superintendents Association

Australian Institute of Horticulture Inc.

Australian Institute of Landscape Architects

Australian Institute of Landscape Designers and Managers

Australian Society of Horticultural Science

Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand

Green Roofs Australasia

Greenlife Industry Australia

Institute of Australian Consulting Arboriculturists

Interior Plantscape Association

International Society of Arboriculture

Invasive Plants and Animals Committee

Landcare Australia

Landscape Queensland Industries Assoc. Inc.

Landscape Industries Association of Tasmania

Landscaping Industries Association WA Inc. (LIAWA)

Landscaping Australia Incorporated

Landscaping Victoria

Master Landscapers Association

Master Landscapers of SA (MLSA)

New South Wales Arborist Association

Nursery and Garden Industry Australia (Greenlife Industry Australia)

Northern Territory Arboriculture Association

Parks and Leisure Australia

Queensland Arboricultural Association

Soil Science Australia

South Australian Society for Arboriculture

Sports Turf Association Australia

Sustainable Gardening Australia

The Tree Guild of Western Australia

Tree Contractors Association Australia

Turf Australia

Turf Grass Association of Australia

Victorian Tree Industry Organisation

Weeds Australia (Centre for Invasive Species Solutions)

WildFlowers Australia

Wildflowers Industry Network NSW Inc

 

Employee associations

Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)

Australian Workers' Union (AWU)

Data sources and notes

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • AHC – Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management Training Package.
  • Arboriculture
    • AHC20510 - Certificate II in Arboriculture
    • AHC20513 - Certificate II in Arboriculture
    • AHC20516 - Certificate II in Arboriculture
    • AHC20520 - Certificate II in Arboriculture
    • AHC30810 - Certificate III in Arboriculture
    • AHC30816 - Certificate III in Arboriculture
    • AHC30820 - Certificate III in Arboriculture
    • AHC41916 - Certificate IV in Arboriculture
    • AHC50510 - Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC50516 - Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC50520 - Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC60516 - Advanced Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC60520 - Advanced Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC80116 - Graduate Diploma of Arboriculture
    • AHC80120 - Graduate Diploma of Arboriculture
    • RTF20203 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RTF30203 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RTF40203 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RTF50203 - Diploma of Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH10298 - Certificate I in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH20298 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH30298 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH40298 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH50298 - Diploma of Horticulture (Arboriculture)
    • RUH60298 - Advanced Diploma of Horticulture (Arboriculture).
  • Landscaping
    • AHC21610 - Certificate II in Landscaping
    • AHC21616 - Certificate II in Landscaping
    • AHC30910 - Certificate III in Landscape Construction
    • AHC30916 - Certificate III in Landscape Construction
    • AHC42016 - Certificate IV in Landscape
    • AHC42020 - Certificate IV in Landscape
    • AHC50610 - Diploma of Landscape Design
    • AHC50616 - Diploma of Landscape Design
    • AHC52016 - Diploma of Landscape Project Management
    • RTF20403 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RTF30403 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RTF40403 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RTF50403 - Diploma of Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH10498 - Certificate I in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH20498 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH30498 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH40498 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH50498 - Diploma of Horticulture (Landscape)
    • RUH60498 - Advanced Diploma of Horticulture (Landscape).
  • Nursery
    • RTF20503 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Retail Nursery)
    • RTF20603 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Wholesale Nursery)
    • RTF30503 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Retail Nursery)
    • RTF30603 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Wholesale Nursery)
    • RTF40503 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Retail Nursery)
    • RTF40603 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Wholesale Nursery)
    • RTF50503 - Diploma of Horticulture (Retail Nursery)
    • RTF50603 - Diploma of Horticulture (Wholesale Nursery)
    • RUH10598 - Certificate I in Horticulture (Nursery)
    • RUH20598 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Nursery)
    • RUH30598 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Nursery)
    • RUH40598 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Nursery)
    • RUH50598 - Diploma of Horticulture (Nursery)
    • RUH60598 - Advanced Diploma of Horticulture (Nursery)
    • AHC20710 - Certificate II in Production Nursery
    • AHC20716 - Certificate II in Production Nursery
    • AHC20720 - Certificate II in Nursery Operations
    • AHC20810 - Certificate II in Retail Nursery
    • AHC20816 - Certificate II in Retail Nursery
    • AHC31110 - Certificate III in Production Nursery
    • AHC31116 - Certificate III in Production Nursery
    • AHC31120 – Certificate III in Nursery Operations
    • AHC31210 - Certificate III in Retail Nursery
    • AHC31216 - Certificate III in Retail Nursery
    • AHC40610 - Certificate IV in Production Nursery
    • AHC40616 - Certificate IV in Production Nursery
    • AHC40620 - Certificate IV in Nursey Operations
    • AHC40710 - Certificate IV in Retail Nursery
    • AHC40716 - Certificate IV in Retail Nursery
    • AHC50810 - Diploma of Production Nursery Management
    • AHC50816 - Diploma of Production Nursery Management
    • AHC50820 - Diploma of Nursery Management
    • AHC50910 - Diploma of Retail Nursery Management
    • AHC50916 - Diploma of Retail Nursery Management.
  • Parks and Gardens
    • AHC20610 - Certificate II in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC20616 - Certificate II in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC31010 - Certificate III in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC31016 - Certificate III in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC40510 - Certificate IV in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC40516 - Certificate IV in Parks and Gardens
    • AHC50710 - Diploma of Parks and Gardens Management
    • AHC50716 - Diploma of Parks and Gardens Management
    • RTF20703 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RTF30703 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RTF40703 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RTF50703 - Diploma of Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH10698 - Certificate I in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH20698 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH30698 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH40698 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH50698 - Diploma of Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
    • RUH60698 - Advanced Diploma of Horticulture (Parks and Gardens).
  • Sports Turf Management
    • AHC20910 - Certificate II in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC20916 - Certificate II in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC20919 – Certificate II in Sport Turf Management
    • AHC31310 - Certificate III in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC31316 - Certificate III in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC31319 – Certificate III in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC40810 - Certificate IV in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC40812 - Certificate IV in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC40816 - Certificate IV in Sports Turf Management
    • AHC51010 - Diploma of Sports Turf Management
    • AHC51016 - Diploma of Sports Turf Management
    • AHC51019 – Diploma of Sports Turf Management
    • RTF20803 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Turf)
    • RTF30803 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Turf)
    • RTF40803 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Turf)
    • RTF50803 - Diploma of Horticulture (Turf)
    • RUH10798 - Certificate I in Horticulture (Turf Management)
    • RUH20798 - Certificate II in Horticulture (Turf Management)
    • RUH30798 - Certificate III in Horticulture (Turf Management)
    • RUH40798 - Certificate IV in Horticulture (Turf Management)
    • RUH50798 - Diploma of Horticulture (Turf Management)
    • RUH60798 - Advanced Diploma of Horticulture (Turf Management).

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2016 to 2020 program enrolments
  • 2016 to 2020 program completions.

 

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than five) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

AHC – Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2011 to 2020 commencements
  • 2011 to 2020 completions
  • apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2020 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.
Updated: 14 Dec 2021
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