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Transport and Logistics

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Transport and Logistics sector, which is a component of the Transport industry.

The Transport and Logistics sector in Australia has an estimated annual revenue of $95.65 billion, with an operating profit of $10.41 billion in 2017. The sector employs nearly half a million people across its major sub-sectors: Road Transport, Logistics, Warehousing and Stevedoring.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required in the Transport and Logistics sector for occupations such as:

  • Driving Instructors
  • Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
  • Transport and Despatch Clerks
  • Crane, Hoist and Lift Operators
  • Automobile Drivers
  • Delivery Drivers
  • Truck Drivers
  • Storepersons
  • Freight and Furniture Handlers
  • Waterside Worker (Stevedore)
  • Forklift Driver.

Nationally recognised training for the Transport and Logistics sector is delivered under the TLI Transport and Logistics Training Package.

For information on the Maritime, Aviation, and Rail sectors please visit the respective pages.

Information sourced from the Transport and Logistics IRC Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Road Freight Transport is the largest employing sub-sector in the Transport and Logistics sector followed by Road Passenger Transport, with Water Transport Support Services being the smallest.  Employment levels at the 3 digit ANZSIC levels related to the Transport and Logistics sector all increased between the years 2000 and 2017; this trend is projected to continue over the next five years until 2022 with the exception of Water Transport Support Services.

Truck Drivers, Bus and Coach Drivers and Automobile Drivers made up just under 60% of the Road Transport industry workforce and employment levels in each of these occupations is expected to increase over the next five years until 2022.

Automobile Drivers, and Transport and Despatch Clerks made up 18% and 8% respectively of the combined Transport Support Services (nfd), Water Transport Support Services and Other Transport Support Services industry workforces. Employment levels in both of these occupations is expected to increase over the next five years until 2022.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were approximately 68,400 program enrolments in Transport and Logistics related qualifications during 2017 and just under 13,400 completions. Both program enrolments and completions decreased significantly between 2014 and 2017. During 2017, 70% of enrolments were at the certificate III level with a further 17% at the certificate II level.

During 2017, a high proportion of enrolments were in either Warehousing Operations (38%), Driving Operations (33%) or Logistics qualifications (22%). For Warehousing Operations qualifications, the main intended occupation was Storeperson, followed by a small degree of Warehouse Administrators. Driving Operations qualifications had the main intended occupation of Truck Driver (General) or Truck Drivers, followed by a small degree by Automobile Drivers. Logistics qualifications tended have an intended occupation of either Despatching and Receiving Clerk, Supply and Distribution Manager, or Production Clerk. Ports qualifications had the main intended occupations of Crane, Hoist or Lift Operator and to a lesser extent Waterside Worker (Stevedores).

For enrolments during 2017, private training providers delivered 85% of all Transport and Logistics related qualifications. Nearly 65% of subjects delivered by private training providers were government-funded. This proportion dropped to 58% for subjects delivered by TAFE with the remainder split between domestic or international fee for service arrangements.

Student location was dominated by the Eastern states with 32% of students who enrolled during 2017 coming from Victoria, with a further 24% residing in Queensland and in New South Wales.

During 2017, there were approximately 8,160 apprenticeship commencements and just under 3,500 completions in Transport and Logistics related qualifications. Apprenticeship commencement and completion numbers have declined substantially since 2013, but commencements increased slightly in 2017. The highest proportion of apprentices were training in warehousing operations with the intended occupation of Storeperson or Warehouse Administrator, followed by driving operations with the intended occupation of Truck Driver (General). As at December 2017, New South Wales reported the highest proportion of apprentices in training (43%) followed by Western Australia (19%) and Queensland (18%).

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Transport and Logistics IRC Skills Forecast 2018 identifies the top priority skills in the Transport and Logistics sector as:

  • compliance
  • health and safety
  • operational skills
  • digital skills.

The top priority industry and occupation skill is driving.

Additionally, the top five generic skills in order of importance are listed as:

  • managerial/leadership
  • language, literacy and numeracy (LLN)
  • learning agility/information literacy/intellectual autonomy and self-management
  • technology
  • design mindset/thinking critically/system thinking/solving problems.

According to the job vacancy data, the top requested skills by employers were communication and planning skills. The most advertised Transport and Logistics occupations were Bus and Coach Drivers followed by Truck Drivers. The top employers for Transport and Logistics workers are the Government of New South Wales and Linfox.

Furthermore, the above Skills Forecast reports over 80% of employers in the sector were experiencing a skills shortage during the last 12 months. The job roles related to the skills shortages were:

  • Truck Drivers
  • Educators, Trainers and Assessors
  • Supervisors/Managers
  • Schedulers
  • Forklift Drivers.

Reasons employers indicated for the shortage in order of frequency were:

  • wages/salaries considered too low
  • unattractive job/poor industry image
  • ageing workforce/current staff retiring
  • cost/time to achieve the required qualification
  • competition from other organisations.

A report by Deloitte Access Economics, The future of work: occupational and education trends in supply chain and logistics in Australia, highlights how the nature of work and study in supply chain and logistics is evolving due to ongoing changes to the economic, business and labour market landscape. Demand for logistics skills is likely to rise in the future, and an increased role for data analytics, drones, driverless vehicles, 3D printing and sensor technology will require a hybrid of business, IT, engineering and industry-specific skills. These trends are also highlighted in the Skills Forecast, stating the Transport and Logistics Industry is rapidly being affected by new technologies and innovations, including:

  • complex computerised systems, data and software to create 'smart' processes and products will rapidly change the skill needs of the Transport and Logistics workforce
  • jobs that were highly manual less than a generation ago, including bus and truck driving, are being reshaped by automation
  • the transition to use under-utilised capacity within a market for low transaction costs is increasingly changing transport management systems
  • a necessity to develop skills to capitalise on the operational efficiencies, heightened security, improved customer experience and new business models that follow from the ‘Internet of Things’ innovations
  • ongoing driver skill training and education in regulatory and safety requirements will be necessary to ensure those high levels of safety and efficiency are achieved, with the use of augmented and virtual reality (AR and VR respectively) and simulation-based training systems being investigated by businesses to deliver training where it may not be financially viable or safe to conduct in the real-world
  • a stronger focus on Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) performance which will require new approaches to workforce development and standards of performance.

The Skills Forecast also reports average age of all workers in the Transport and Logistics industry is 45-years-old. A large proportion of workers are set to retire in the next two decades, however attracting, training and retaining young workers is proving to be a challenge. A negative perception of bus and truck driving as a career is complicated by the increased use of sub-contracting and other forms of employment, career progression is limited, and career pathways are not well understood. Also, despite a broad range of diversity in general, it is not directly translating to diverse workforce demographics. The majority of employees in the sector’s workforce are male and although advances in technology may be increasing employment opportunities for women barriers still exist for certain job roles considered too dangerous or impractical for females.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSIC 3 digit industry employment projections to May 2022
    • 461 Road Freight Transport
    • 462 Road Passenger Transport
    • 521 Water Transport Support Services
    • 529 Other Transport Support Services
    • 530 Warehousing and Storage Services
    • 510 Postal and Courier Pick-up and Delivery Services.
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2022
    • 5912 Transport and Despatch Clerks
    • 7311 Automobile Drivers
    • 7312 Bus and Coach Drivers
    • 7321 Delivery Drivers
    • 7331 Truck Drivers
    • 7411 Storepersons
    • 8911 Freight and Furniture Handlers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 – EQ06, viewed 1 September 2017 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 3 digit industry, 2000 to 2017, May quarter.
    • 461 Road Freight Transport
    • 462 Road Passenger Transport
    • 521 Water Transport Support Services
    • 529 Other Transport Support Services
    • 530 Warehousing and Storage Services
    • 510 Postal and Courier Pick-up and Delivery Services.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 2 digit Road Transport industry, and 3 digit Transport Support Services, nfd; Water Transport Support Services; and Other Transport Support Services and 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • TLI Transport and Logistics Training Package
  • Driving Instruction
    • TLI41210 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Car Driving Instruction)
    • TLI41216 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Car Driving Instruction)
    • TLI41310 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Heavy Vehicle Driving Instruction)
    • TLI41316 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Heavy Vehicle Driving Instruction)
    • TLI41410 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Motorcycle Riding Instruction)
    • TLI41416 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport - Motorcycle Riding Instruction)
  • Driving Operations
    • TLI21209 - Certificate II in Driving Operations
    • TLI21210 - Certificate II in Driving Operations
    • TLI21216 - Certificate II in Driving Operations
    • TLI30207 - Certificate III in Transport and Logistics (Road Transport)
    • TLI31209 - Certificate III in Driving Operations
    • TLI31210 - Certificate III in Driving Operations
    • TLI31216 - Certificate III in Driving Operations
    • TLI33413 - Certificate III in Waste Driving Operations
    • TLI33416 - Certificate III in Waste Driving Operations
    • TLI42111 - Certificate IV in Driving Operations
    • TLI42116 - Certificate IV in Driving Operations
  • International Freight Forwarding/Customs Broking
    • TLI31310 - Certificate III in International Freight Forwarding (Operator)
    • TLI31316 - Certificate III in International Freight Forwarding (Operator)
    • TLI41610 - Certificate IV in International Freight Forwarding (Senior Operator)
    • TLI41616 - Certificate IV in International Freight Forwarding (Senior Operator)
    • TLI50310 - Diploma of International Freight Forwarding
    • TLI50316 - Diploma of International Freight Forwarding
    • TLI50813 - Diploma of Customs Broking
    • TLI50816 - Diploma of Customs Broking
  • Logistics
    • TLI11310 - Certificate I in Logistics
    • TLI11315 - Certificate I in Logistics
    • TLI21107 - Certificate II in Transport and Logistics (Logistics Operations)
    • TLI21810 - Certificate II in Logistics
    • TLI21815 - Certificate II in Logistics
    • TLI32410 - Certificate III in Logistics
    • TLI32416 - Certificate III in Logistics
    • TLI41515 - Certificate IV in Materiel Logistics
    • TLI42010 - Certificate IV in Logistics
    • TLI42016 - Certificate IV in Logistics
    • TLI50107 - Diploma of Logistics
    • TLI50210 - Diploma of Materiel Logistics
    • TLI50215 - Diploma of Materiel Logistics
    • TLI50410 - Diploma of Logistics
    • TLI50415 - Diploma of Logistics
    • TLI60110 - Advanced Diploma of Materiel Logistics
    • TLI60210 - Advanced Diploma of Deployment Logistics
    • TLI60215 - Advanced Diploma of Deployment Logistics
  • Other
    • TLI10115 - Certificate I in Transport and Logistics (Pathways)
    • TLI22413 - Certificate II in Furniture Removal
    • TLI22416 - Certificate II in Furniture Removal
    • TLI33313 - Certificate III in Furniture Removal
    • TLI33316 - Certificate III in Furniture Removal
    • TLI42513 - Certificate IV in Traffic Operations
    • TLI42516 - Certificate IV in Traffic Operations
    • TLIPC110 - Certificate I in Transport and Logistics (Pathways)
  • Ports
    • TLI21413 - Certificate II in Stevedoring
    • TLI21416 - Certificate II in Stevedoring
    • TLI30907 - Certificate III in Transport and Logistics (Mobile Cranes Operations)
    • TLI31510 - Certificate III in Stevedoring
    • TLI31710 - Certificate III in Mobile Crane Operations
    • TLI31716 - Certificate III in Mobile Crane Operations
    • TLI33513 - Certificate III in Stevedoring
    • TLI33516 - Certificate III in Stevedoring
    • TLI41710 - Certificate IV in Stevedoring Operations
    • TLI41910 - Certificate IV in Mobile Crane Operations
    • TLI41916 - Certificate IV in Mobile Crane Operations
  • Road Transport Yard Operations
    • TLI21710 - Certificate II in Road Transport Yard Operations (Freight Handler)
    • TLI21716 - Certificate II in Road Transport Yard Operations (Freight Handler)
    •  
  • Warehousing Operations
    • TLI10107 - Certificate I in Transport and Logistics (Warehousing and Storage)
    • TLI11210 - Certificate I in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI11215 - Certificate I in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI20107 - Certificate II in Transport and Logistics (Warehousing and Storage)
    • TLI21610 - Certificate II in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI21616 - Certificate II in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI30107 - Certificate III in Transport and Logistics (Warehousing and Storage)
    • TLI31610 - Certificate III in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI31616 - Certificate III in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI40107 - Certificate IV in Transport and Logistics (Warehousing and Storage)
    • TLI41810 - Certificate IV in Warehousing Operations
    • TLI41816 - Certificate IV in Warehousing Operations.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted.  Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence.  Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document.

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

TLI Transport and Logistics apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2017 commencements
  • 2010 to 2017 completions
  • 2017 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2016 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Transport and Logistics Industry Reference Committee’s 2017 Skills Forecast.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2018, Labor Insight Real-time Labor Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2018, <https://www.burning-glass.com>.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills, occupations and employers according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2015 and June 2018 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Generic Skills/Occupations
    • ANZSCO major groups excluding Airport Operations and Other Air Transport Support Services, Community and Personal Service Workers
    • 52 Transport Support Services
    • 53 Warehousing and Storage Services
    • 46 Road Transport
  • Employers
    • 7312 Bus and Coach Drivers
    • 7331 Truck Drivers
    • 7311 Automobile Drivers
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers
    • 5111 Contract, Program and Project Administrators
    • 52 Transport Support Services
    • 53 Warehousing and Storage Services
    • 46 Road Transport.
Updated: 26 Oct 2018
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