cancel
search
Search by IRC, Industry, sector, training package, IRC skills forecast or occupation.

Maritime

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Maritime sector, which is a component of the Transport industry.

The Maritime sector operates in a globalised shipping network as well as across local markets including fishing and aquaculture, tourism, and patrol and rescue operations. The sector has an estimated annual revenue of $9.34 billion, and added approximately $4.85 billion to the Australian economy in 2016. Ten per cent of the world’s sea trade passes through Australian ports and 99 per cent of Australian exports are transported by sea. Australia’s coastline is over 60,000 kilometres in length and our search and rescue region covers more than 10 per cent of the Earth’s surface. Per capita, Australia has more cruise passengers than any other nation, making it the fourth-largest cruise market in the world.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required in the Maritime sector in job roles such as:

  • General Purpose Hands
  • Coxswains
  • Marine Engine Drivers
  • Marine Engineers
  • Marine Surveyors
  • Deck Officers
  • Ships Masters.

Nationally recognised training for the Maritime sector is delivered under the Maritime Training Package.

For information on the Rail, Aviation, and Transport and Logistics sectors please visit the respective pages.

Information sourced from the Maritime IRC Skills Forecast.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

The employment level in the Water Transport industry has fluctuated significantly between the years 2000 and 2017, declining overall during this period; however, it is projected to increase slightly over the next few years until 2022.

Marine Transport Professionals make up over 16% of the Water Transport industry workforce; however the employment level for this occupation is projected to decline between 2017 and 2022. Deck and Fishing hands make up around a further 12% of the workforce and the employment level for this occupation is projected to increase over the next 5 years.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were approximately 6,250 program enrolments in the Maritime Training Package during 2016 and more than 3,400 completions. Both program enrolments and completions have decreased between 2014 and 2016 however subject-only (no qualification) enrolments have increased slightly over the same period. The majority of enrolments during 2016 were in Near-coastal qualifications. Marine Transport Professionals or Deck and Fishing Hands were the main intended occupations for the training.

For enrolments during 2016 the type of training provider varied between the different qualifications. For example, just over 70% of Blue-water qualifications were provided by TAFE with the remainder delivered by Universities. However, for Near-coastal qualifications the proportion of qualifications provided by TAFE drops to around half with private training providers delivering over 40%. A high proportion of the subjects delivered by TAFE and universities are government funded however for private training providers this drops to around 40% with the rest funded via domestic fee for service.

Over half of students who enrolled during 2016 were from New South Wales or Queensland and a further 16% were from Western Australia.

During 2016, there were 44 apprenticeship commencements and 41 completions in the Maritime Training Package. Commencements and completions have decreased by around half since 2013. As at December 2016 over 80% of apprentice training was in Queensland or New South Wales and the intended occupations for apprentices were Marine Transport Professionals or Deck and Fishing Hands.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

According to the Maritime IRC Skills Forecast 2017 maritime freight movements into Australia are projected to increase further in the coming years due to the countries declining manufacturing industry. The Cruise Liner sub-sector is also forecasted to continue to grow over the next decade. These trends are expected to create future demand for jobs within the Maritime sector.

The Maritime IRC Skills Forecast 2017 identifies the top five priority skills for the Maritime workforce in the next three to five years as:

  • navigation/vessel operations
  • compliance
  • professionalism
  • work health and safety
  • technical.

Additionally the top five generic skills in order of importance are listed as:

  • managerial/leadership
  • technology
  • customer service/marketing
  • environmental and sustainability
  • design mindset/thinking critically/system thinking/solving problems.

Similarly a report on Reskilling the Manufacturing Workforce and Developing Capabilities for the Future by Penesis et al. (2016) identified the following future skill requirements for the Maritime Sector:

  • problem solving
  • leadership and management
  • teaching and training
  • language, literacy and numeracy
  • information technology and financial management
  • automated systems of work
  • electrotechnical
  • dredging.

Additionally future skill challenges for the Tasmanian Maritime Network were reported as:

  • An ageing workforce which will create skills gaps as existing workers retire if industry and education providers do not act quickly to address the training of both new and existing workers.
  • The emergence of new technologies (e.g. robots, drones, smart ships and autonomous systems) which will require the upskilling of the current workforce.

Furthermore according to the Maritime IRC Skills Forecast 2017 two thirds of employers in the Maritime sector reported experiencing a skills shortage during the last 12 months. The job roles reported as being in shortage were:

  • Deck Officers
  • Trainers/Assessors
  • Divers
  • Marine Surveyors
  • Marine Engine Drivers.

Reasons employers indicated for the shortage in order of frequency were:

  • shortage of skilled/qualified personnel
  • ageing workforce/current staff retiring
  • cost/time to achieve the required qualification
  • geographic location of the vacancy
  • unattractive job/poor industry image.

In summary, industry reports and the Maritime IRC Skills Forecast have identified new technologies, an ageing workforce and competition for skilled workers as the main skilling challenges for the future Maritime workforce.  The capacity to successfully attract, train and retain younger workers will be critical in meeting the future skills needs of the sector.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal

  • by ANZSIC 2 digit Water Transport Industry, employment projections to May 2022
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2022
    • Marine Transport Professionals
    • Deck and Fishing Hands.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), sex, state and territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ06, viewed 1 September 2017 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 2 digit Water Transport Industry, 2000 to 2017, May Quarter.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 2 digit Water Transport Industry, and 4 digit level VET related occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.                                                                                                                                               

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • Maritime Training Package (MAR, TDM)
    • MAR10213 - Certificate I in Maritime Operations (Linesperson)
    • MAR10313 - Certificate I in Maritime Operations (General Purpose Hand Near Coastal)
    • MAR10413 - Certificate I in Maritime Operations (Coxswain Grade 2 Near Coastal)
    • MAR20313 - Certificate II in Maritime Operations (Coxswain Grade 1 Near Coastal)
    • MAR20413 - Certificate II in Maritime Operations (Marine Engine Driver Grade 3 Near Coastal)
    • MAR30113 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Integrated Rating)
    • MAR30415 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Marine Cookery)
    • MAR30713 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Marine Cookery)
    • MAR30813 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Marine Engine Driver Grade 2 Near Coastal)
    • MAR30913 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Master up to 24 metres Near Coastal)
    • MAR31013 - Certificate III in Maritime Operations (Master Inland Waters)
    • MAR40113 - Certificate IV in Maritime Operations (Chief Integrated Rating)
    • MAR40413 - Certificate IV in Maritime Operations (Marine Surveying)
    • MAR40513 - Certificate IV in Maritime Operations (Marine Engine Driver Grade 1 Near Coastal)
    • MAR40613 - Certificate IV in Maritime Operations (Master up to 35 metres Near Coastal)
    • MAR50115 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Engineer Watchkeeper)
    • MAR50213 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Engineer Watchkeeper)
    • MAR50215 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Surveying)
    • MAR50313 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Watchkeeper Deck)
    • MAR50315 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Watchkeeper Deck)
    • MAR50413 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Master up to 500 GT or Master 80 metres)
    • MAR50415 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Master up to 500 GT)
    • MAR50513 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Surveying)
    • MAR50613 - Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Engineering Class 3 Near Coastal)
    • MAR60113 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Engineering Class 2)
    • MAR60115 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Engineering Class 2)
    • MAR60213 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Master Unlimited)
    • MAR60215 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Engineering Class 1)
    • MAR60313 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Marine Engineering Class 1)
    • MAR60315 - Advanced Diploma of Maritime Operations (Master Unlimited)
    • TDM10107 - Certificate I In Transport  Distribution (Maritime Operations)
    • TDM10207 - Certificate I In Transport & Distribution (Maritime Operations - Shorebased Linesperson)
    • TDM20107 - Certificate II In Transport  Distribution (Maritime Operations)
    • TDM20207 - Certificate II In Transport & Distribution (Marine Engine Driving - Grade 3)
    • TDM20307 - Certificate II In Transport & Distribution (Coastal Maritime Operations - Coxswain)
    • TDM30107 - Certificate III In Transport  Distribution (Maritime Operations)
    • TDM30207 - Certificate III In Transport & Distribution (Marine Engine Driving - Grade 2)
    • TDM30307 - Certificate III In Transport & Distribution (Maritime Operations - Integrated Rating)
    • TDM30407 - Certificate III In Transport & Distribution (Coastal Maritime Operations - Master Class 5)
    • TDM40101 - Certificate IV in Transport and Distribution (Maritime Operations)
    • TDM40207 - Certificate IV In Transport & Distribution (Marine Engine Driving - Grade 1)
    • TDM40307 - Certificate IV In Transport & Distribution (Coastal Maritime Operations - Master Class 4)
    • TDM50207 - Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Marine Engineering - Engineer Watchkeeper)
    • TDM50307 - Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Maritime Operations - Deck Watchkeeper)
    • TDM50407 - Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Coastal Marine Engineering - Engineer Class 3)
    • TDM50507 - Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Coastal Maritime Operations - Master Class 3)
    • TDM60207 - Advanced Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Marine Engineering - Class 1)
    • TDM60307 - Advanced Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Marine Engineering - Class 2)
    • TDM60407 - Advanced Diploma Of Transport & Distribution (Maritime Operations - Master Unlimited).

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place.  This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

Maritime Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2016 commencements
  • 2010 to 2016 completions 
  • 2016 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2016 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Maritime Industry Reference Committee’s Skills Forecast 2017.

Updated: 05 Oct 2018
To Top