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Extractive Industries (Quarrying)

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Extractive Industries (Quarrying) sector, which is one component of the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure industry.

The Extractive Industries sector focuses on the extraction of raw material used in building and construction such as sand, rock, gravel and limestone. The value of the Extractive Industries sector to the Australian economy was increasing at a rate of 14% between 2007 and 2016. The sector is largely made up of small operators with only a handful of businesses employing over 200 employees as at June 2016. The Extractive Industries sector is expected to grow over the next five years driven by increased activity in the Civil Infrastructure and Residential Construction sectors given they are the primary users of the materials quarrying produces.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required for a range of Extractive Industries sector-related occupations such as:

  • Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers
  • Earthmoving Plant Operators.

Nationally recognised training for Extractive Industries (Quarrying) is delivered under the RII Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package

For more information on Civil Infrustructure, Coal MiningMetalliferous Mining, and Drilling sectors, please visit the respective pages. For information and data on training qualifications that apply to multiple sectors within the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure industry please visit the Resources and Infrastructure Cross Sector page.

Information sourced from the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

The employment levels for the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying industry sectors fluctuated between the period of 2000 and 2017, reflecting industry cycles. In 2022, industry employment levels are projected to be similar to that of 2017.

The occupations of Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers, and Truck Drivers make up just under 20% of the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying industry workforce. The employment levels in these occupations are projected to increase further until 2022. The occupation of Earth Moving Plant Operator makes up over 7% of the industry workforce, however, the employment level in this occupation is projected to decrease slightly over the next five years.

Training trends

Training snapshot

During 2017, there were approximately 30,000 program enrolments in Extractive Industries sector-related qualifications and more than 7,000 program completions. Enrolment numbers decreased quite sharply between 2014 and 2015 but have remained relatively stable since. Completions increased sharply between 2014 and 2015 and have remained at similar levels since then.

During 2017, the majority of enrolments were in the Certificates II and III in Surface Extraction Operations qualifications. The main intended occupation for the training was Miner.

For enrolments in 2017, more than 90% of training was delivered by private training providers.  Funding for subjects was split between government (59%) and domestic fee-for-service (41%). Over three quarters of students were from Queensland.

In 2017, apprenticeship commencements increased on the previous year to approximately 2,300, the most since 2013. There were around 720 apprenticeship completions in 2017, a decrease on the previous year, and the lowest annual total since 2011. As at December 2017, just under half of training was reported in Queensland, with New South Wales accounting for approximately a third, and Western Australia nearly a fifth. Most apprentices were training towards the intended occupation of Miner.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET Students by Industry.

For more data specific to your region, visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast, identifies the most important generic workforce skill priorities for the Extractive Industries sector as:

  • language, literacy and numeracy
  • managerial/leadership
  • science, technology, engineering and mathematics
  • financial
  • learning agility/information literacy/intellectual autonomy and self-management.

According to the job vacancy data, the top requested skills by employers were communication and problem solving. The most advertised occupations in the Extractive Industries sector were Mine Deputy followed by Mobile Plant Operators.

The IRC Skills Forecast identifies two key issues affecting job demand and skills needs within the Extractive Industries Sector:

  • The continuing growth of Australia’s population will create demand for housing and infrastructure requiring large amounts of building materials. Therefore, labour demand in the Extractive Industries sector is expected to remain steady over the coming years.
  • The uptake of new technology and automation is likely to reduce demand for low-skilled labour. There will also be demand for skills in operating these new technologies, as well as maintenance and programming of the new equipment used on site.

For insights on the broader Resources industry, please visit the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure cluster page.

Links and resources

Regulators

Access Canberra

Australian Explosives Industry and Safety Group (AEISG)

Northern Territory Department of Primary Industry & Resources

NSW Department of Industry - Resources Regulator

NT WorkSafe

Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines

Safe Work Australia

SafeWork NSW

SafeWork SA

South Australian Department of Primary Industries and Regions (PIRSA)

Tasmanian Department of State Growth

Victorian Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources

Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety

WorkSafe Tasmania

WorkSafe Victoria

Worksafe WA - Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety

 

Industry associations and advisory bodies

Australian Asphalt Pavement Association (AAPA)

Cement Concrete and Aggregates Australia (CCAA)

Construction Material Processors Association (CMPA)

Institute of Quarrying Australia (IQA)

NSW Mining and Petroleum Competence Board

Victorian Limestone Producers Association (VLPA)

 

State Training Advisory Bodies

Construction Industry Training Board (SA)

Energy Skills Queensland (ESQ)

Industry Skills Advisory Council Northern Territory (ISAC NT)

Resources Industry Training Council (RITCWA)

Resources and Infrastructure NSW Industry Training Advisory Body

 

Employee associations

Australian Manufacturing Workers Union (AMWU)

Australian Workers' Union (AWU)

Construction Forestry Mining & Energy Union (CFMEU)

 

Relevant research

Infrastructure Australia Australian infrastructure plan 2016: priorities and reforms for our nation’s future

Infrastructure Australia Future cities: planning for our growing population

Infrastructure Australia Prioritising reform: progress on the 2016 Australian Infrastructure Plan

SkillsDMC Resources and infrastructure: industry workforce analysis and forecast

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal website:

  • employment projections to May 2022, by ANZSIC 3 digit industry:
    • 091 Construction Material Mining
    • 099 Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 090 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying nfd.
  • by ANZSCO, selected 4 digit occupations, employment projections to May 2022:
    • 7122 Drillers Miners and Shot Firers
    • 7331 Truck Drivers
    • 7212 Earthmoving Plant Operators
    • 7000 Machinery Operators and Drivers nfd
    • 3232 Metal Fitters and Machinists
    • 7129 Other Stationary Plant Operators.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 – EQ06, viewed 1 September 2017 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>.

  • Employed total, 2000 to 2017, May Quarter, by ANZSIC 3 digit industry:
    • 091 Construction Material Mining
    • 099 Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 090 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying nfd.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by ANZSIC 2 digit industry:
    • 09 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.                                                           

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

RII Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package:

  • Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII20209 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII20213 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII20215 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
  • Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30109 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30111 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30112 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30113 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30115 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
  • Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40109 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40113 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40115 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations.

Superseded qualifications and training packages are grouped with current training products.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions please refer to Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality. 

RII Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2017 commencements
  • 2010 to 2017 completions 
  • 2017 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2017 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Generic skills data have been extracted from the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2018, Labor Insight Real-time Labor Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2018, <https://www.burning-glass.com>.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills and occupations according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2015 and June 2018 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Labourers, Machinery Operators and Drivers, Technicians and Trades Workers
  • 09 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying.
Updated: 17 Dec 2018
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