cancel
Search by IRC, Industry, sector, training package, IRC skills forecast or occupation. search

Extractive Industries (Quarrying)

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Extractive Industries (Quarrying) sector, which is one component of the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure industry.

The Extractive Industries sector focuses on the extraction of raw material used in construction such as sand, rock, gravel and limestone.  The value of the Extractive Industries sector to the Australian economy has been increasing steadily at a rate of 11 per cent between 2007 and 2015.  The sector is largely made up of small operators with only a handful of businesses employing over 200 employees as at June 2015.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required for a range of Extractive Industries sector-related occupations such as:

  • Drillers and Miners and Shot Firers
  • Earthmoving Plant Operators.

Nationally recognised training for Extractive Industries (Quarrying) is delivered under the RII - Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package

For more information on Civil Infrustructure, Coal MiningMetalliferous Mining, and Drilling sectors, please visit the respective pages.  For information and data on training qualifications that apply to multiple sectors within the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure industry please visit the Resources and Infrastructure Cross Sector page.

Information sourced from the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure Industry Skills Forecast and Proposed Schedule of Work.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

The employment levels for the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying industry sectors have fluctuated between the period of 2000 and 2017 reflecting industry cycles. Industry employment levels in 2022 are projected to be similar to that of 2017.

The occupations of Drillers; Miners and Shot Firers; and Truck Drivers make up just uner 20% of the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying industry workforce. The employment levels in these occupations are projected to increase further until 2022. The occupation of Earth Moving Plant Operators makes up over 7% of the industry workforce; however, the employment level in this occupation is projected to decrease slightly over the next five years.

Training trends

Training snapshot

In 2016, there were approximately 31,000 enrolments in Extractive Industries sector qualifications and more than 7,000 completions.  Enrolments decreased between 2014 and 2016; however, the number of completions had increased significantly over the same period. The majority of training is in the Certificate II and III in Surface Extraction Operations.

Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers, and Earthmoving Plant Operators are the two main intended occupations for the training.

During 2016, more than 90% of training was delivered by private training providers.  Funding for the training was split between government (60%) and domestic fee-for-service (40%).  Over three quarters of the training was for students that resided in Queensland.

In 2016, there were 1,626 apprenticeship commencements and 1,110 apprenticeship completions. Despite some fluctuations, there was an overall increase in commencements and completions between 2010 and 2016.  As at December 2016, nearly half of training was in Queensland with New South Wales accounting for a quarter and Western Australia over a fifth.  Most apprentices were training towards the occupation of Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region, visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Infographic title: Priority skills: 2017 skills forecast,, Infographic data,, Title: Top priority skills,, technical capability including production skills and plant operation, leadership and management, workplace safety and compliance, foundation skills / language literacy and numeracy, information technology and technological change,, Title: Top generic skills,, managerial / leadership, design mindset / thinking critically / system thinking / solving problems, learning agility / information literacy / intellectual autonomy and self-management, entrepreneurial, science, technology, engineering and mathematics (stem),, Infographic title: Skills and occupations in demand: job vacancies,, Title: Top 5 generic skills in demand,, communication skills, planning, preventive maintenance, problem solving, team work / collaboration,, Title: Top 5 occupations in demand,, maintenance planner, mine deputy, fitter (general), electrician (general), labourers (not elsewhere classified),, Title: Top 5 locations,, Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Northern Territory,, Title: Top employers,, Dampier Salt Limited, Holcim, Sibel co Australia Limited,, Priority skills source: Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure Industry Skills Forecast and Proposed Schedule of Work, Job vacancy occupations in demand source: Burning Glass Technologies’ Labor Insight Real Time Labor Market Information tool

Industry insights on skills needs

According to the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure Industry Skills Forecast and Proposed Schedule of Work, the top priority skills in the Extractive Industries sector are:

  • technical capability including production skills and plant operation
  • leadership and management
  • workplace safety and compliance
  • foundation skills/language, literacy and numeracy
  • information technology and technological change.

According to the job vacancy data, the top requested skills by employers were communication and planning. The most advertised occupations in the Extractive Industries sector were Maintenance Planner and Mine Deputy and the top locations were Western Australia and Queensland.

The Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure Industry Skills Forecast and Proposed Schedule of Work identifies two key issues affecting job demand and skills needs within the Extractive Industries Sector:

  • The continuing growth of Australia’s population will create demand for housing and infrastructure requiring large amounts of building materials. Therefore, labour demand in the Extractive Industries sector is expected to remain steady over the coming years.
  • The uptake of new technology and automation is likely to reduce demand for low skilled labour.

For insights on the broader Resources industry, please visit the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure cluster page.

Links and resources

Regulators

 

Access Canberra

Australian Explosives Industry and Safety Group (AEISG)

Northern Territory Department of Primary Industry & Resources

NSW Department of Industry - Resources Regulator

NT WorkSafe

Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines

Safe Work Australia

SafeWork SA

South Australian Department of Primary Industries and Regions (PIRSA)

Tasmanian Department of State Growth

Victorian Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources

Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety

WorkCover New South Wales

WorkSafe Tasmania

WorkSafe Victoria

Worksafe WA - Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety

 

 

Industry associations and advisory bodies

 

Australian Asphalt Pavement Association (AAPA)

Cement Concrete and Aggregates Australia (CCAA)

Construction Material Processors Association (CMPA)

Institute of Quarrying Australia (IQA)

NSW Mining and Petroleum Competence Board

Victorian Limestone Producers Association (VLPA)

 

State Training Advisory Bodies

 

Construction Industry Training Board (SA)

Energy Skills Queensland (ESQ)

Industry Skills Advisory Council Northern Territory (ISAC NT)

Resources and Infrastructure NSW Industry Training Advisory Body

Resources Industry Training Council (RITCWA)

 

Employee associations

Australian Workers' Union (AWU)

Construction Forestry Mining & Energy Union (CFMEU)

 

Relevant research

2015 environmental scan - SkillsDMC

esources and infrastructure: industry workforce analysis and forecast - SkillsDMC

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal website:

  • employment projections to May 2022, by ANZSIC 3 digit industry:
    • 091 Construction Material Mining
    • 099 Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 090 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying nfd.
  • by ANZSCO, selected 4 digit occupations, employment projections to May 2022:
    • 7122 Drillers Miners and Shot Firers
    • 7331 Truck Drivers
    • 7212 Earthmoving Plant Operators
    • 7000 Machinery Operators and Drivers nfd
    • 3232 Metal Fitters and Machinists
    • 7129 Other Stationary Plant Operators.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by industry group of main job (ANZSIC), sex, state and territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 – EQ06, viewed 1 September 2017 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>.

  • Employed total, 2000 to 2017, May Quarter, by ANZSIC 3 digit industry:
    • 091 Construction Material Mining
    • 099 Other Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 090 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying nfd.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by ANZSIC 2 digit industry:
    • 09 Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
    • 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • RII - Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package
    • RII20209 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII20213 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII20215 - Certificate II in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30109 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30111 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30112 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30113 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII30115 - Certificate III in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40109 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40113 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations
    • RII40115 - Certificate IV in Surface Extraction Operations.

      Superseded qualifications and training packages are grouped with current training products.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions please refer to the Total VET Activity students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality. 

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place.  This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

RII Resources and Infrastructure Industry Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2016 commencements
  • 2010 to 2016 completions 
  • 2016 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2016 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Mining, Drilling and Civil Infrastructure Industry Skills Forecast and Proposed Schedule of Work.

Burning Glass Technologies: Labour Insight – real-time labour market information tool <http://www.burning-glass.com> 2017.

  • Job advertisements from all of Australia from January 2014 to August 2017 are included in the analysis. Data shown is the top five advertised VET-related occupations (1–6 digit level Technicians and Trades Workers, Labourers and Machinery Operators and Drivers) in the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying sector and the top five locations and employers according to job advertisements.

    Skills data has also been extracted from the Burning Glass Labour Insights job vacancy data tool. Data shown is the proportion of job advertisements which request generic skills for VET-related occupations (1–6 digit level Technicians and Trades Workers, Labourers and Machinery Operators and Drivers) in the Non-Metallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying sector.