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Corrections and Public Safety

Overview

This page provides high level information and data on the Corrections and Public Safety industry which comprises the following industry sectors:

For more information on any of the above, please visit the respective sector page.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Industry cluster snapshot

Employment and training snapshot

Employment in the Public Order and Safety Services industry has grown between 2000 and 2017, reaching its highest level of approximately 198,600 in 2013. Employment levels in the Defence industry have remained more consistent, with a rise from 2000 to 2005 but little significant change between 2005 and 2017. It is projected that employment levels in both industries will rise between 2017 and 2022, though the rise will be stronger for the Public Order and Safety Services industry.

Police are the largest proportion of the Public Order and Safety Services workforce, at just under 30%. Employment levels for all occupations in the Public Order and Safety Services industry are projected to increase between 2017 and 2022. For analysis of Defence occupations, see the Defence sector page. Note due to exemptions, training data for this industry is limited, and should be considered as a general trend indicator.

Program enrolments in the Corrections and Public Safety industry were relatively consistent between 2014 and 2017 with somewhere between 13,000 and 14,800 enrolments. During the same period there was a rise in program completions from just over 3,400 completions in 2014, to 4,995 in 2017. A consistent rise in subject-only enrolments in this industry was present between 2014 and 2017, reaching approximately 136,000 subject-only enrolments across training packages in this industry during 2017.

Infogram embed

Industry insights on skills needs

Job vacancy data indicates that the top generic skills in demand for the Public Order and Safety Services industry are:

  • Communication skills
  • Planning skills
  • Problem solving
  • Research
  • Writing skills.

This data also identifies the following occupations as those in highest demand for the industry:

  • Security Officers and Guards
  • Prison Officers
  • Police
  • Welfare Support Workers
  • Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses.

A general trend identified in the Corrections and Public Safety industry by the Corrections IRC’s 2018 Skills Forecast and the Public Safety IRC’s 2018 Skills Forecast is the impact of continual technological development. Workers are required to use continuously updating digital technologies, and in areas such as Police or Defence, organisations must address technology-related crime. In some cases this adds complexity to existing roles, or creates new roles which require workers with high levels of digital literacy.

For specific analysis of skills needs in this industry, see the respective sector pages.

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.

 

Industry associations and advisory bodies

ACT Corrective Services

Australian Council of State Emergency Services

Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience

Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency

Australian Federal Police

Australian Government Department of Defence

Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council

Corrective Services New South Wales

New South Wales Police

Northern Territory Correctional Services

Northern Territory Police

Probation and Community Corrections Officers’ Association

Queensland Corrective Services

Queensland Police

South Australia Police

South Australian Department for Correctional Services

Tasmania Police

Tasmania Prison Service

Victorian Department of Justice and Regulation

Western Australia Department of Justice

Western Australia Police

 

Employers

ACT Parks and Conservation Service

Australian Red Cross

Australian Road Rescue Organisation

Australian Government Department of Defence

Forestry Corporation of New South Wales

Forestry Tasmania

Forestry SA

G4S Australia

GEO Group Australia Pty Ltd

Geoscience Australia

HQ Plantations Pty Ltd

Life Saving Victoria

Melbourne Water

New South Wales State Emergency Service

SA State Emergency Services

Serco Australia

Surf Life Saving Australia

Tasmania State Emergency Service

Victoria State Emergency Service

 

Employee associations

Australian Prison Officers Association

Australian Professional Ocean Lifeguard Association Inc.

Australian Services Union

Community and Public Sector Union

Defence Force Welfare Association

National SES Volunteers Association

Police Federation of Australia

Public Service Association NSW

United Firefighters Union of Australia

 

Licensing / Regulatory bodies

Australian Maritime Safety Authority

Safe Work Australia

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal:

  • by ANZSIC 3 digit 760 Defence Industry and 771 Public Order and Safety Services Industry, employment projections to May 2022
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2022
    • 1391 Commissioned Officers (Management)
    • 1392 Senior Non-commissioned Defence Force Members
    • 3231 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers
    • 4411 Defence Force Members - Other Ranks
    • 4412 Fire and Emergency Workers
    • 4413 Police
    • 4421 Prison Officers
    • 4422 Security Officers and Guards
    • 5311 General Clerks
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ06, viewed September 2017, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 3 digit 760 Defence Industry and 771 Public Order and Safety Services Industry, 2000 to 2017, May Quarter.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 3 digit 760 Defence Industry and 771 Public Order and Safety Services Industry, and 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET activity, 2016 Program Enrolments by Correctional Services Training Package, Defence Training Package, Police Training Package and Public Safety Training Package.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2018, Labour Insight Real-time Labour Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2018, <https://www.burning-glass.com>.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills, occupations and employers according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2015 and June 2018 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Generic skills / Occupations
    • Community and Personal Service Workers
    • 771 Public Order and Safety Services, excluding 7712 Investigation and Security Services.
  • Employers
    • Community and Personal Service Workers
    • 4422 Security Officers and Guards (4422)
    • 4421 Prison Officers (4421)
    • 4413 Police (4413)
    • 4117 Welfare Support Workers (4117)
    • 4114 Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses (4114)

771 Public Order and Safety Services, excluding 7712 Investigation and Security Services.

Updated: 22 Oct 2018
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