cancel
search
Search by IRC, Industry, sector, training package, IRC skills forecast or occupation.

General Construction and Demolition

Overview

This page provides information and data on the General Construction and Demolition sector, which is one component of the Construction industry.

The General Construction and Demolition sector includes:

  • Residential Building and Non-residential Building Construction
  • Land Development and Site Preparation.

It also covers renovations, additions or alterations to existing buildings and accompanying site preparation or development.

In residential construction, the four largest home building companies contribute to less than 10% of annual industry revenue and in apartment and townhouse construction, the four largest companies are expected to account for only 21.6% of industry revenue in 2017–18. Businesses are location based and service local and regional populations.

The Non-residential industry sub-sector is characterised by small-scale businesses, though it also contains some of the country's largest building firms, with the four largest companies in commercial building generating less than 20% industry revenue.

Residential and Non-residential Construction operate in a highly regulated environment, which includes licensing and registration requirements for workers, state and local government building standards, approvals and zoning regulations, pollution controls and workplace health and safety standards.

The Land Development and Site Preparation sub-sector is characterised by small- and medium-sized businesses, operating in local and regional markets. Many of the businesses working in land development and subdivision are small-scale residential property developers, though there are several large companies.

Land Development and Site Preparation is also highly regulated with mandatory licensing and permits for equipment operators and demolition work, as well as land use zoning, treatment of waste, permitted construction materials, population density requirements and minimum property elevation. Both state and local governments oversee licensing and regulation, which creates a high degree of variation between localities in planning regulations and restrictions.

Nationally recognised training for General Construction and Demolition is delivered under the CPC Construction, Plumbing and Services Training Package.

Information sourced from the Construction, Plumbing and Services IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Employment in Building Construction has risen overall between 2000 and 2018, with a particularly strong rise between 2012 and 2018. Employment is projected to continue to increase from approximately 320,000 in 2018 to approximately 343,000 by 2023.

The most common VET-related occupations in this sector are Construction Managers and Carpenters and Joiners, with employment projected to increase in these occupations by 13% and 5% respectively. A slight decline is projected for Bricklayers and Stonemasons (2%) between 2018 and 2023.

Training trends

Training snapshot

Note the qualifications attributed to this sector may also be relevant to other Construction sectors due to their general data. Similarly, workers with qualifications from other Construction sectors may be employed in the General Construction and Demolition sector.

Program enrolments in General Construction and Demolition rose between 2014 and 2017, with a high of over 116,000 in 2015. Program completions experienced a similar high in 2015 but fell below 2014 levels in 2016 and 2017.

During 2017, over 65% enrolments were in the Certificate I or II in Construction or Construction Pathways qualification, for which the intended occupation was Earthmoving Labourer (60%) or Builder’s Labourer (40%). A further 22% of enrolments were in the Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Various), with the majority (96%) training towards the intended occupation of Building Associate. Higher-level qualifications in this sector have intended occupations of Project Builder or Construction Project Manager.

For enrolments during 2017, private training providers provided over 50% of training in General Construction and Demolition related qualifications, with a further 25% delivered by TAFE institutes and 20% by schools. The majority of subjects in this sector were Commonwealth and state funded (67%), with 29% of enrolments funded by domestic fee-for-service. New South Wales had the largest proportion of students enrolled in this sector in 2017 at 36%, followed by Queensland at 31%.

Apprentice and trainee commencements in this sector increased overall between 2010 and 2017, with a sharp fall between 2013 and 2014, followed by a sharp rise in 2015. Completions remained stable between 2011 and 2013 and, after a fall between 2013 and 2015, rose sharply between 2015 and 2017. The most common intended occupations in this sector for apprentices or trainees are Earthmoving Labourer, Builder’s Labourer or Building Associate. Queensland reported 40% of apprenticeship training, with 27% in New South Wales, and 17% in Western Australia.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry Insights

Industry insights on skills needs

According to the Construction, Plumbing and Services IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast the top priority generic skills required for the General Construction and Demolition sector are:

  • managerial/leadership
  • language, literacy and numeracy
  • customer service/marketing
  • design mindset/thinking critically/system thinking/solving problems
  • technology.

According to the job vacancy data, the top requested skills by employers were communication skills, detailed-oriented and planning. The most advertised General Construction and Demolition occupations were Building Associate followed by Contract Administrator.

The Skills Forecast also notes shortages of Stonemasons with generalist skills and specialist skill-sets have persisted since 2005. Shortages of Roof Tilers have been persistent over the past decade, worsening over the last three years. Employers have reported finding it hard to attract qualified and experienced Bricklayers in all states and territories except the Northern Territory and Western Australia.

The above Skills Forecast and Digital foundations: how technology is transforming Australia's construction sector identify technological change in this sector is an increasingly important factor, with innovations in the fields of automation, construction products and management software. Building Information Modelling (BIM), the digital version of a building, which includes all information on the building through its whole lifecycle – from design, to build, to operations and even demolition, is projected to completely replace current computer-aided design (CAD) systems. This is helped by smartphone and tablet technologies, which allow project workers and stakeholders to quickly access building information from BIM virtually everywhere. Governments in Australia have been slow to mandate BIM for public works, but tier one companies are already well advanced in this area and are starting to require sub-contractors to be able to connect with this technology.

The Skills Forecast reports the cross-industry issues of BIM, off-site construction and prefabrication, automation, robotics and digital skills plus environmental sustainability will affect the current training package and potentially require the development of new components to meet future skills.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment 2018, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal:

  • by ANZSIC 2 digit 30 Building Construction industry, employment projections to May 2023
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2023
    • 3121 Architectural, Building and Surveying Technicians
    • 3311 Bricklayers and Stonemasons
    • 8211 Building and Plumbing Labourers
    • 3312 Carpenters and Joiners
    • 1331 Construction Managers
    • 3332 Plasterers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ06, viewed 1 November 2018 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202018?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 2 digit 30 Building Construction industry, 2000 to 2018, May quarter.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level 2 digit 30 Building Construction industry, and 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training packages or qualifications:

  • CPC Construction, Plumbing and Services, BCF Off-Site Construction, BCG General Construction and BCP Plumbing and Services Training Packages
  • Certificate I or II in Construction or Construction Pathways
    • BCG10103 - Certificate I in General Construction
    • BCG20103 - Certificate II in General Construction
    • BCG20198 - Certificate II in General Construction
    • CPC10108 - Certificate I in Construction
    • CPC10111 - Certificate I in Construction
    • CPC20108 - Certificate II in Construction
    • CPC20111 - Certificate II in Construction
    • CPC20112 - Certificate II in Construction
    • CPC20208 - Certificate II in Construction Pathways
    • CPC20211 - Certificate II in Construction Pathways
  • Certificate III or IV in Demolition
    • BCG31098 - Certificate III in General Construction (Demolition)
    • CPC30411 - Certificate III in Demolition
    • CPC30413 - Certificate III in Demolition
    • CPC41013 - Certificate IV in Demolition
  • Cetificate IV in Building and Construction (Various)
    • BCG30698 - Certificate III in General Construction (Bricklaying/Blocklaying)
    • BCG30998 - Certificate III in General Construction (Materials Handling)
    • BCG31398 - Certificate III in General Construction
    • BCG40106 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Building)
    • BCG40206 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Contract Administration)
    • BCG40306 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Estimating)
    • BCG40506 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Site Management)
    • CPC40108 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Building)
    • CPC40110 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Building)
    • CPC40208 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Contract Administration)
    • CPC40308 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Estimating)
    • CPC40408 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Sales)
    • CPC40508 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Site Management)
    • CPC40611 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Specialist Trades)
    • CPC40708 - Certificate IV in Building and Construction (Trade Contracting)
  • Diploma of Building and Construction (Building or Management)
    • BCG50206 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Building)
    • BCG50306 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Management)
    • CPC50208 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Building)
    • CPC50210 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Building)
    • CPC50308 - Diploma of Building and Construction (Management)
  • Advanced Diploma of Building and Construction (Management)
    • CPC60208 - Advanced Diploma of Building and Construction (Management)
    • CPC60212 - Advanced Diploma of Building and Construction (Management).

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document.

Low counts (less than five) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

CPC Construction, Plumbing and Services, BCF Off-Site Construction, BCG General Construction and BCP Plumbing and Services Training Packages apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2017 commencements
  • 2010 to 2017 completions
  • 2017 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2017 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Construction, Plumbing and Services IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2018, Labor Insight Real-time Labor Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2018, <https://www.burning-glass.com>.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills and occupations according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2015 and June 2018 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Generic skills / Occupations
  • All major ANZSCO groups
  • 30 Building Construction.
Updated: 14 Dec 2018
To Top