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Children’s Education and Care

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Children’s Education and Care sector, which is one component of the Community Services industry.

This sector is an area of increasing demand due to population growth and growing recognition of the importance of the development of children.  The sector is comprised of the following two sub-sectors.

  • Early childhood education and care
  • Education support

As pointed out by the skills forecast, the Children’s Education and Care workforce is largely regulated by the Education and Care Services National Law.  As such, there are mandated qualifications (many of them VET qualifications) to work in the sector. These qualifications are approved by the Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority.

Vocational education and training (VET) is required for a range of Children’s Education and Care work roles such as:

  • Early Childhood Educator
  • Outside School Hours Care Worker
  • Education Assistant

Nationally recognised training for Children’s Education and Care is delivered under the CHC - Community Services Training Package.

For more information on Community Sector and Development and Direct Client Care and Support please visit the respective pages. 

Information sourced from the Children’s Education and Care IRC Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Employment in Child Care Services and Preschool Education industry sectors has increased over time, with further projected increases until 2022.

Within these industry groupings Child Carers (also referred to in the industry as Early Childhood Educators) are the largest occupational group. It is also projected that numbers employed as Child Carers  will increase substantially up until 2022. Employment numbers in other relevant occupations within these sectors; namely Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teachers, Childcare Centre Managers and Education Aides, are also projected to increase substantially up until 2022.

A media release on the 2016 census indicates that in terms of absolute growth Child Carers was the second highest 'largest growth' occupation between 2011 and 2016. In addition, Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teachers was the fourth highest percentage growth occupation between 2011 and 2016.

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were over 155 000 program enrolments in courses related to Children’s Education and Care in 2016. In addition, there were nearly 38 000 course completions.

The program enrolments were split mainly between diploma and above level and certificate III level courses.

Fifty eight percent of the course enrolments were with private training providers while TAFE Institutes accounted for a further 31%.  However, 58% of the funding for subjects was through government with a further 39% through domestic fee-for-service. Training was split between the three eastern states.

Apprentice and trainee commencements have declined since 2012, with the decline largest after 2014. There was also a large decline in completions after 2014. The vast majority of apprenticeships and traineeships in 2016 were for the intended occupation of Child Carers. The largest proportion of students were from New South Wales, followed by Queensland and Victoria.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, please visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region please visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, please select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, please sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Infographic title: Priority skills: 2017 skills forecast, Infographic data:,, Title: Top priority skills,, communication, customer service, technology, leadership,, language, literacy and numeracy,, Title: Top generic skills,, communication / virtual collaboration / social settings, learning agility / information literacy, / intellectual autonomy and self-management, design mindset / thinking critically / systems thinking / solving problems, managerial / leadership,, Infographic title: Skills and occupations in demand: job vacancies,, Title: Top generic skills in demand,, communication, writing, planning, energetic, teamwork / collaboration,, Title: Top 5 occupations in demand,, child carers. Early childhood (pre-primary school) teachers, other health diagnostic and promotion professionals, child care centre managers, education aides,, Title: Top 5 locations,, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia,, Title: Top employers,, Goodstart Childcare Limited, G8 Education Proprietary Ltd, Guardian Early Learning Group, Camp Australia, Only About Children,, Infographic source,, Priority skills source: Children’s Education and Care IRC Skills Forecast and Schedule of Work 2016-17,, Job vacancy occupations in demand source: Burning Glass Technologies’ Labor Insight Real Time Labor Market Information tool

Industry insights on skills needs

According to the Children’s Education and Care IRC Skills Forecast the top priority skill and also generic skill for this industry sub-sector is communication. This is supported by job vacancy data that indicates the top generic skills sought by employers is communication and writing skills.

The job vacancy data also indicates that the most sought after occupations in this industry are Child Carers and Early Childhood Teachers.

In addition to the above skills, the Skills Forecast also points to the growing importance of the following skills:

  • Skills that reflect the diverse range and needs of children including cultural competencies in inclusive practices;
  • Skills in identifying children affected by family violence and further skills in identifying the impact of family violence and to be able to confidently refer those affected to specialist services.

A research study authored by ACER on behalf of the South Australian Department of State Development, looking at what employers really want in the early childhood and aged care sectors found that in both sectors they were looking for people that can connect and work with others. The authors of the report pointed out that the current qualifications did not specifically incorporate these skills but some learners need strategies to help them develop these skills.

Links and resources

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2017, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSIC 3 digit industry, employment projections to May 2022
    • 871 Child Care Services
    • 801 Preschool Education
  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2022
    • 4211 Child Carers
    • 2411 Early Childhood (pre-primary school) Teachers
    • 1341 Child Care Centre managers
    • 4221 Education Aides

 

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Employed persons by Industry group of main job (ANZSIC), Sex, State and Territory, November 1984 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ06, viewed 1 September 2017 < http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202017?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSIC 3 digit industry, 2000 to 2017, May Quarter
    • 871 Child Care Services
    • 801 Preschool Education

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work, TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 3 digit ANZSIC:
    • 871 Child Care Services
    • 801 Preschool Education and
    • 960 Private Households Employing Staff
  • 4 digit level occupations to identify the relevant VET-related occupations in the industry as a proportion of the total workforce.

 Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Student and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • CHC Community Services Training Package
    • CHC30113 - Certificate III in Early Childhood Education and Care
    • CHC30213 - Certificate III in Education Support
    • CHC30808 - Certificate III in Education Support
    • CHC30812 - Certificate III in Education Support
    • CHC40113 - Certificate IV in School Age Education and Care
    • CHC40213 - Certificate IV in Education Support
    • CHC41708 - Certificate IV in Education Support
    • CHC41712 - Certificate IV in Education Support
    • CHC50113 - Diploma of Early Childhood Education and Care
    • CHC50213 - Diploma of School Age Education and Care
    • CHC50908 - Diploma of Children's Services (Early childhood education and care)
    • CHC51308 - Diploma of Education Support
    • CHC20399 - Certificate II in Community Services (Children's Services)
    • CHC30399 - Certificate III in Community Services (Children's Services)
    • CHC30402 - Certificate III in Children's Services
    • CHC30708 - Certificate III in Children's Services
    • CHC30712 - Certificate III in Children's Services
    • CHC40399 - Certificate IV in Community Services (Children's Services)
    • CHC41208 - Certificate IV in Children's Services (Outside school hours care)
    • CHC41212 - Certificate IV in Children's Services (Outside school hours care)
    • CHC50302 - Diploma of Children's Services
    • CHC50399 - Diploma of Community Services (Children's Services)
    • CHC51008 - Diploma of Children's Services (Outside school hours care)
    • CHC60202 - Advanced Diploma of Children's Services
    • CHC60208 - Advanced Diploma of Children's Services
    • CHC60399 - Advanced Diploma of Community Services (Children's Services)
    • CHC40402 - Certificate IV in Out of School Hours Care
    • CHC50202 - Diploma of Out of School Hours Care

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place.  This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

Community Services Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2016 commencements
  • 2010 to 2016 completions 
  • 2016 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2016 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from Children’s Education and Care IRC Skills Forecast.

Burning Glass Technologies. “Labour Insight Real-Time Labour Market Information Tool.” http://www.burning-glass.com. 2017.

  • Job advertisements from all of Australia from January 2014 to August 2017 are included in the analysis. Data shown is the top five advertised VET-related occupations in the Childcare Services and Preschool Education and the top five locations and employers according to job advertisements.
  • Skills data has also been extracted from the Burning Glass Labour Insights job vacancy data tool. Data shown is the proportion of job advertisements which request generic skills for VET-related occupations in the industry and occupations listed above.

 

Updated: 04 Oct 2018
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