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Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment industry sector, which is one component of the Automotive industry.

This sector covers the following activities:

Bicycles – This sector involves the sale, service and repair of bicycles, and parts and accessories. There are emerging opportunities in the sector, particularly for small players, such as engagement with electric bikes and personal mobility devices.

Marine - This sector involves the service and repair of mechanical and electrical systems in marine vessels. Workers in this sector operate on small commercial vessels and pleasure vessels up to 100 feet in length. The sector is expected to grow with an increasing number of people retiring with accumulated wealth.

Motorcycles – This sector involves the sale, service and repair of motorcycles, scooters and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and associated parts and accessories. There is a trend in consumer preference towards more fuel-efficient transport which is expected to show growth in the sector.

Outdoor Power Equipment – The sector involves the sales, service and repair work for outdoor power equipment. There is a large variety of outdoor power equipment including lawnmowers, chainsaws, concrete polishers, brush-cutters, jack hammers, generators and pressure pumps. The sector is facing challenges such as technological change, emissions regulation, and an ageing workforce and lower economic incentives for workers. However, there are also opportunities in terms of diversifying into other forms of battery electric equipment and vehicles. There is also a trend towards repair of outdoor equipment rather than replacement, providing another opportunity for the sector.

Nationally recognised training for the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment industry sector is delivered under the AUR Automotive Industry Retail, Service and Repair Training Package.

For information on other automotive related industry sectors, visit the Automotive cluster page.

Information sourced from the Automotive IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Given its broad nature, the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment sector falls under several different industry sectors. These are:

  • Other Transport Equipment Manufacturing, nec
  • Hardware and Building Supplies Retailing
  • Marine Equipment Retailing
  • Sport and Camping Equipment Retailing
  • Other Machinery and Equipment Repair and Maintenance.

The census data shows that across these five industry sectors there were 102,456 people employed in 2016. This is compared to 94,124 in 2006.

Please note however that these industry sectors also cover other activities besides work relevant to the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycle and Outdoor Power Equipment sector, so the numbers shown here should be seen as indicative only. For example, about a third of those employed across these five sectors in 2016 were Sales Assistants.

However, the two most relevant occupational unit groups here are Motor Mechanics and Other Miscellaneous Labourers (which includes Bicycle Mechanics and Mechanics Assistants but also other occupations not relevant to this sector).

The number of people employed as Motor Mechanics fluctuated over the period 2000 to 2017 but in 2018 there were 104,900 people employed in this occupation compared to 86,400 in 2000. Similarly, the numbers employed as Other Miscellaneous Labourers has fluctuated in recent years with 60,500 being employed in this occupation in 2018.  

Training trends

Training snapshot

There were 2,126 program enrolments and 378 program completions in 2017. This is somewhat of an increase from the previous year for both enrolments and completions. In 2017, the large majority (about 87%) of enrolments were at certificate III level with the remaining being at certificate II level.

In terms of qualification type, the largest proportion were related to motor cycles (just over 40%), and the smallest proportion bicycles (6%). The largest destination occupation in terms of enrolments in 2017 was Motorcycle Mechanic, followed by Motor Mechanic (General) and then Small Engine Mechanic.

About 80% of the training was delivered by TAFE institutes with most of the rest being delivered by private providers. Most of the funding for subjects (96%) was from government. Over 80% of the students in 2017 were from the three eastern states.

There were 475 apprenticeship and traineeship commencements in 2017 which is a drop of 88 from the previous year. There were also 298 completions in 2017 which was the highest for the period 2010 to 2017. As with enrolments overall, the largest destination occupation in terms of apprentice and trainee numbers was Motorcycle Mechanic, followed by Motor Mechanic (General) and then Small Engine Mechanic. Most of the apprenticeships and traineeships were concentrated in the eastern states (80%).

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Automotive IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast indicates that technological change is impacting on the skill needs of this sector. In relation to bicycles there are new technologies such as wireless gear shifting, the emergence of electric bikes designed to include batteries, and technological advances in servicing and repairing bicycles. An example of this is stress detection technologies employing thermal scanning.

In the Marine area there are technological advances such as cable-less throttle systems.

For outdoor power equipment there are technological advancements relating to battery capability. There are also technological advancements because of environmental and emissions regulations. These technologies require advanced service and repair skills, such as with fuel injection technologies.  

The top five generic skills relevant to this sector according to the skills forecast are:

  • language, literacy and numeracy
  • technology use and application
  • communication/collaboration including virtual collaboration/social intelligence
  • design mindset/thinking critically/system thinking/solving problems
  • learning agility/information literacy/intellectual autonomy and self-management.

The Skills Forecast indicates that there is currently a shortage of Bicycle Technicians and Motorcycle Repair Technicians in this sector. There are also shortages of high-level technicians and entry-level apprentices in relation to Outdoor Power Equipment.

The Directions in Australia’s automotive industry 2017 lists projected skill shortage numbers for the following occupations relevant to the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment sector projected to 2018–19:

Motorcycle Mechanic    268
Mechanic – Outdoor Power Equipment  436
Marine Mechanic 112
Bicycle Mechanic 50

                                        

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.

Industry associations and advisory bodies

Australian Maritime Safety Authority

Bicycle Industries Australia (BIA)

Boating Industries Alliance Australia

Boating Industry Association  (BIA)

Boating Industry Association of New South Wales

Boating Industry Association of Northern Territory

Boating Industry Association of South Australia

Boating Industry Association of Victoria

Boating Industry Association of Western Australia

Cycling ACT

Cycling Australia

Cycling New South Wales

Cycling Northern Territory

Cycling Queensland

Cycling South Australia

Cycling Tasmania

Cycling Victoria

Cycle Sport Western Australia

Institute of Automotive Mechanical Engineers

Marine Queensland

Motor Trades Association of Australia

Outdoor Power Equipment Australia (OPEA)

Victorian Automobile Chamber of Commerce (VACC)

Employee associations

Australian Manufacturing Workers Union

Relevant research

Directions in Australia’s automotive industry: an industry report 2017 - Victorian Automobile Chamber of Commerce

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2018, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2023
    • 3212 Motor Mechanics
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Employed persons by Occupation unit group of main job (ANZSCO), Sex, State and Territory, August 1986 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ08, viewed 1 November 2018 <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202018?OpenDocument>

  • Employed total by ANZSCO, 2000 to 2018, May Quarter
    • 3212 Motor Mechanics
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work,  2006 Census –labour force TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 4 digit ANZSIC
    • 2399 Other Transport Equipment Manufacturing (n.e.c)
    • 4231 Hardware and Building Supplies Retailing
    • 4241 Sport and Camping Equipment Retailing
    • 4245 Marine Equipment Retailing
    • 9429 Other Machinery and Equipment Repair and Maintenance.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • AUR Automotive Retail, Service and Repair Training Package
  • Bicycles
    • AUR20305 - Certificate II in Bicycles
    • AUR20311 - Certificate II in Bicycles
    • AUR20312 - Certificate II in Bicycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR20316 - Certificate II in Bicycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30205 - Certificate III in Bicycles
    • AUR30211 - Certificate III in Bicycles
    • AUR30212 - Certificate III in Bicycle Workshop Operations
    • AUR30216 - Certificate III in Bicycle Workshop Operations
  • Marine
    • AUR20611 - Certificate II in Marine
    • AUR20612 - Certificate II in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR20616 - Certificate II in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30505 - Certificate III in Marine
    • AUR30511 - Certificate III in Marine
    • AUR30512 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30514 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30516 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
  • Motorcycles
    • AUR30812 - Certificate III in Motorcycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30816 - Certificate III in Motorcycle Mechanical Technology
  • Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20805 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20811 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20812 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR20816 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30705 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR30711 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR30712 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30713 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30716 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

AUR Automotive Retail, Service and Repair Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2017 commencements
  • 2010 to 2017 completions 
  • 2017 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2017 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Generic skills data have been extracted from the Automotive IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

Updated: 12 Dec 2018
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