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Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment

Overview

This page provides information and data on the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment industry sector, which is one component of the Automotive industry.

This sector covers the following activities:

Bicycles – This sector involves the sale, service and repair of bicycles, and parts and accessories. There are emerging opportunities in the sector, particularly for small players, such as engagement with electric bikes and personal mobility devices.

Marine - This sector involves the service and repair of mechanical and electrical systems in marine vessels. Workers in this sector operate on small commercial vessels and pleasure vessels up to 100 feet in length. The sector is expected to grow with an increasing number of people retiring with accumulated wealth.

Motorcycles – This sector involves the sale, service and repair of motorcycles, scooters and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and associated parts and accessories. There is a trend in consumer preference towards more fuel-efficient transport which is expected to show growth in the sector.

Outdoor Power Equipment – The sector involves the sales, service and repair work for outdoor power equipment. There is a large variety of outdoor power equipment including lawnmowers, chainsaws, concrete polishers, brush-cutters, jack hammers, generators and pressure pumps. The sector is facing challenges such as technological change, emissions regulation, and an ageing workforce and lower economic incentives for workers. However, there are also opportunities in terms of diversifying into other forms of battery electric equipment and vehicles. There is also a trend towards repair of outdoor equipment rather than replacement, providing another opportunity for the sector.

Nationally recognised training for the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment industry sector is delivered under the AUR – Automotive Industry Retail, Service and Repair Training Package.

For information on other automotive related industry sectors, visit the Automotive cluster page.

Information sourced from the Automotive IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

Given its broad nature, the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment sector falls under several different industry sectors. These are:

  • Other Transport Equipment Manufacturing, nec
  • Hardware and Building Supplies Retailing
  • Marine Equipment Retailing
  • Sport and Camping Equipment Retailing
  • Other Machinery and Equipment Repair and Maintenance.

The census data shows that across these five industry sectors there were 102,456 people employed in 2016. This is compared to 94,124 in 2006.

Please note however that these industry sectors also cover other activities besides work relevant to the Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycle and Outdoor Power Equipment sector, so the numbers shown here should be seen as indicative only. For example, about a third of those employed across these five sectors in 2016 were Sales Assistants.

However, the two most relevant occupational unit groups here are Motor Mechanics and Other Miscellaneous Labourers (which includes Bicycle Mechanics and Mechanics Assistants but also other occupations not relevant to this sector).

The number of people employed as Motor Mechanics fluctuated over the period 2000 to 2017 but in 2018 there were 104,900 people employed in this occupation compared to 86,400 in 2000. Similarly, the numbers employed as Other Miscellaneous Labourers has fluctuated in recent years with 60,500 being employed in this occupation in 2018.  

Training trends

Training snapshot

Program enrolments in Bicycles, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment-related qualifications declined significantly in 2018 after peaking at more than 2,120 in 2017, with approximately 1,680 recorded. A slight decline in completions was noted between 2017 and 2018, at approximately 440 and 420 respectively. In 2018, more than four in five enrolments were at the certificate III level (82%) with the remaining at the certificate II level (18%).

In terms of qualification type, the largest proportion related to Motorcycles (38%), followed by Outdoor Power Equipment (29%), Marine (23%) and Bicycles (11%). The main intended occupation was Motorcycle Mechanic, followed by Motor Mechanic (General), Small Engine Mechanic, Mechanic’s Assistant and Bicycle Mechanic.

More than three quarters of the training was delivered by TAFE institutes (79%), with private training providers accounting for a further 18%. There were a few variations to this between qualifications, for example Bicycle-related qualifications were delivered by higher proportions of community education providers (23%) and private training providers (39%), and almost all Marine-related qualifications were delivered by TAFE institutes (99%). Commonwealth and state government funding accounted for 91% of funding overall, in contrast, community education providers had a higher proportion of domestic fee for service (57%). Students mainly resided across New South Wales (31%), Queensland (30%) and Victoria (24%).

The majority of training was delivered in New South Wales (31%), Queensland (31%) and Victoria (26%).

After gradually increasing up to and peaking in 2016 at close to 570, apprenticeship and traineeship commencements have declined to approximately 450 in 2018. Completions appear to be following a similar pattern one year removed, peaking at around 290 in 2017 and declining slightly to roughly 270 in 2018. The main intended occupation was Motorcycle Mechanic, followed by Motor Mechanic (General) and Small Engine Mechanic. Apprentices in training were mainly reported by New South Wales (30%), Queensland (30%) and Victoria (22%).

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of Total VET.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Automotive IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast ranks a list of generic skills in order of importance for each industry sector. The top five ranked generic skills for the Automotive Allied sector (inclusive of Bicycle, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment) are:

  • Language, literacy and numeracy (LLN)
  • Technology use and application
  • Communication/Collaboration including virtual collaboration/Social intelligence
  • Design mindset/Thinking critically/System thinking/Solving problems
  • Learning agility/Information literacy/Intellectual autonomy and self-management.

The Automotive IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast indicates that technological change is impacting on the skill needs of this sector. In relation to bicycles and marine vehicles, there is a move towards wireless gear shifting in bicycles and wireless throttles in marine vehicles. Improvements in lithium ion batteries has also increased the share autonomous lawn mowers and electric bicycles.

The advances in battery-powered and autonomous equipment is shaping the skills required of Mechanics Assistants and Small Engine Mechanic, however, as the Automotive IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast highlights, these technological advancements form one of four areas where training components have not yet adapted. It will be necessary to address the new and emerging skills needs to service and repair outdoor power equipment.

In addition, a number of projects are currently being undertaken by PwC’s Skills for Australia to ensure Training Packages are fit for purpose and that workers have the required skills to adapt to the key drivers for change. The projects relevant to the Bicycle, Marine, Motorcycles and Outdoor Power Equipment sector include:

  • Marine mechanical technology: ensure training is adapted to new technology that is creating vehicles and systems that are more interconnected and interdependent as well as changing consumer preferences and increased awareness
  • Motorcycle mechanical technology: ensure training is adapted to new technology that is creating vehicles and systems that are more interconnected and interdependent as well as changing consumer preferences.

The Automotive IRC’s 2018 Skills Forecast indicates there is currently a shortage of Bicycle Technicians and Motorcycle Repair Technicians in this sector. There are also shortages of high-level technicians and entry-level apprentices in relation to Outdoor Power Equipment.

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.

Industry associations and advisory bodies

Australian Maritime Safety Authority

Bicycle Industries Australia (BIA)

Boating Industries Alliance Australia

Boating Industry Association (BIA)

Boating Industry Association of New South Wales (For information see BIA website)

Boating Industry Association of Queensland (For information see BIA website)

Boating Industry Association of Northern Territory (For information see BIA website)

Boating Industry Association of South Australia (For information see BIA website)

Boating Industry Association of Victoria

Boating Industry Association of Western Australia

Cycling ACT

Cycling Australia

Cycling New South Wales

Cycling Northern Territory

Cycling Queensland

Cycling South Australia

Cycling Tasmania

Cycling Victoria

Institute of Automotive Mechanical Engineers

Marine Queensland

Motor Trades Association of Australia

Outdoor Power Equipment Australia (OPEA)

Victorian Automobile Chamber of Commerce (VACC)

WestCycle

 

Employee associations

Australian Manufacturing Workers Union

 

Relevant research

Automotive IRC’s 2018 Skills Forecast – PwC’s Skills for Australia

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2018, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2023
    • 3212 Motor Mechanics
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Employed persons by Occupation unit group of main job (ANZSCO), Sex, State and Territory, August 1986 onwards, 6291.0.55.003 - EQ08, viewed 1 November 2018 http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.003May%202018?OpenDocument

  • Employed total by ANZSCO, 2000 to 2018, May Quarter
    • 3212 Motor Mechanics
    • 8999 Other Miscellaneous Labourers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, 2016 Census – employment, income and unpaid work,  2006 Census –labour force TableBuilder. Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data.

  • Employment level by 4 digit ANZSIC
    • 2399 Other Transport Equipment Manufacturing (n.e.c)
    • 4231 Hardware and Building Supplies Retailing
    • 4241 Sport and Camping Equipment Retailing
    • 4245 Marine Equipment Retailing
    • 9429 Other Machinery and Equipment Repair and Maintenance.

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • AUR Automotive Retail, Service and Repair Training Package
  • Bicycles
    • AUR20305 - Certificate II in Bicycles
    • AUR20311 - Certificate II in Bicycles
    • AUR20312 - Certificate II in Bicycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR20316 - Certificate II in Bicycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30205 - Certificate III in Bicycles
    • AUR30211 - Certificate III in Bicycles
    • AUR30212 - Certificate III in Bicycle Workshop Operations
    • AUR30216 - Certificate III in Bicycle Workshop Operations
  • Marine
    • AUR20611 - Certificate II in Marine
    • AUR20612 - Certificate II in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR20616 - Certificate II in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30505 - Certificate III in Marine
    • AUR30511 - Certificate III in Marine
    • AUR30512 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30514 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30516 - Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology
  • Motorcycles
    • AUR30812 - Certificate III in Motorcycle Mechanical Technology
    • AUR30816 - Certificate III in Motorcycle Mechanical Technology
  • Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20805 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20811 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR20812 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR20816 - Certificate II in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30705 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR30711 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment
    • AUR30712 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30713 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology
    • AUR30716 - Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment Technology.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 program enrolments
  • 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

AUR Automotive Retail, Service and Repair Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2018 commencements
  • 2010 to 2018 completions 
  • 2018 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2018 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Generic skills data have been extracted from the Automotive IRC’s 2019 Skills Forecast.

Updated: 06 Dec 2019
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