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This page provides information and data on the following Animal Care and Management services:

  • Animal breeding services
  • Pet and companion animal services
  • Animal technology services
  • Captive wildlife operations
  • Hunting and trapping
  • Wildlife care and rehabilitation.

This industry includes a large number of registered Animal Breeders, 4,000 pet grooming businesses, many other specialist businesses providing pet care services, up to 100 wildlife operators including zoos, wildlife parks and aquariums, 587 hunting and trapping business operators, and 300,000 Recreational Hunters.

Nationally recognised training for these sectors is delivered under the Animal Care and Management Training Package, which is maintained and developed by the Animal Care and Management Industry Reference Committee.

Visit the following pages for information on Veterinary Nursing, Agriculture, and the Racing industry.

Information sourced from the Animal Care and Management IRC's 2017 Skills Forecast and the Animal Care and Management IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

All data sources are available at the end of the page.

IRC and Skills Forecasts

Employment trends

Employment snapshot

The intended occupation for the majority of Animal Care and Management training is Animal Attendants and Trainers.

The employment level for Animal Attendants and Trainers grew slightly between 2000 and 2018. There was an anomalous year in 2017 when employment increased by over 10,000 on 2016 employment numbers, but then subsequently dropped again by over 10,000 in 2018. The occupation is projected to grow to 17,100 by 2023, an increase from the 2018 level of employment.

Training trends

Training snapshot

Program enrolments in Animal Care and Management qualifications (excluding veterinary nursing) grew from 14,373 in 2014 to 16,900 in 2017. The majority of training in 2017 was undertaken at the certificate II level, followed by certificate III level qualifications. Over two thirds of training was in Animal Studies qualifications and the intended occupation for the vast majority of training is Animal Attendants and Trainers (not elsewhere specified).

Overall, TAFE institutes provide nearly four fifths of all training (80%) in 2017. However, this varies depending on the type of qualification. Private providers delivered 74% of animal control and regulation qualifications and 52% of companion animal services qualifications.

Two-thirds of the subjects for the training is funded by government (67%). However, the majority of training delivered by universities, community education providers and private providers is domestic fee for service.

Most students are located in New South Wales (40%) followed by Victoria (26%).

Apprentice and trainee commencements have declined slightly in recent years. In 2010 there were 355 commencements, which declined to 213 commencements in 2017. Two thirds of apprenticeships and traineeships are for the intended occupation of Animal Attendants and Trainers (nec), and the remaining third for Farriers with only a small number for Pet Groomers. Forty percent of apprenticeships and traineeships in training were reported by Victoria, with 25% each being reported by New South Wales and Queensland.

For more data specific to your occupation, industry or training package, visit NCVER’s VET students by industry.

For more data specific to your region visit NCVER’s Atlas of total VET. If you are prompted to log in, select cancel and you will continue to be directed to the program.

If you are interested in extracting NCVER data to construct tables with data relevant to you, sign up for a VOCSTATS account.

Industry insights

Industry insights on skills needs

The Animal Care and Management IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast identifies a range of factors which impact upon the Animal Services industry and workforce. Some of the key challenges and opportunities for the industry include:

  • National surveillance and diagnostic programs to address Australia’s broad range of biosecurity issues, including activities to investigate the presence or prevalence of pest or diseases in animal populations. 
  • Outbreaks of disease and viruses (such as Q fever and Hendra virus) provide challenges for the veterinary, horse and meat-related industries to manage risks related to disease identification and infestation.
  • Recurrent bushfires and flood events in urban and rural areas require immediate rescue efforts of state-based veterinary emergency management agencies, RSPCA and animal rescue organisations.
  • The availability of new technologies, advanced medical procedures (ultrasounds, laparoscopy, MRI, microfracture detection) and newly developed pharmaceuticals in the Veterinary sector technology advancements.
  • Technology advancements, including remote sensors, drones, new generation satellite imagery technologies, wearable and mobile technologies, and real-time apps, which allow for effective surveillance of pest invasion, diagnostics and management of wildlife, animal tracking and monitoring in livestock farming, pet management, and fire detection, among many other applications.

A fact sheet by the South Australian Department for Industry and Skills highlighted that Zookeepers and Animal Technicians earn between $600 and $1,000 per week.

Links and resources

Below is a list of industry-relevant organisations and associations. Hyperlinks have been included where available.

Industry associations and advisory bodies

Animal Ethics Committees

Animal Health Australia

Animal Medicines Australia (AMA)

Animal Welfare Association

Animal Welfare League Australia (AWLA)

Association of Pet Boarding and Grooming (APBG)

Association of Pet Dog Trainers Australia (APDT)

Australasian Animal Studies Association (AASA)

Australasian Association of Equine Dentistry

Australian and New Zealand Laboratory Animal Association (ANZLAA)

Australian Association of Pet Dog Breeders (AAPDB)

Australian Association of Stud Merino Breeders (AASMB)

Australian Cat Federation (ACF)

Australian National Cats (ANCATS)

Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC)

Australian Pig Breeders Association

Australian Registered Cattle Breeders' Association (ARCBA)

Australian Standardbred Breeders Association (ASBA)

Australian Stud Sheep Breeders Association (ASSBA)

Australian Veterinary Association (AVA)

Cat Fanciers’ Association

Circus Federation of Australia

Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand (EIANZ)

Equine Dental Association of Australia (EDAA)

International Association of Equine Dentistry (Australian Chapter)

Masters Farriers Association of NSW

National Animal Technology Educators Forum (NATEF)

National Parks

National Parks Australia Council (NPAC)

National Parks Conservation Associations

NSW Cat Fanciers Association (NSW CFA)

NSW Marine Estate

Parks and Leisure Australia

Parks Australia

Pet Food Industry Association of Australia (PFIAA)

Pet Industry Association of Australia (PIAA)

Pets Australia

Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA)

Sporting Shooters’ Association of Australia (SSAA)

State and Territory National Parks Association

Thoroughbred Breeders Australia (TBA)

Vertebrate Pest Managers Association Australia (VPMAA)

Veterinary Nurses Council of Australia (VNCA)

Veterinary Practitioners Registration Boards

Victorian Master Farriers Association

World Wide Association of Equine Dentistry

Zoo Aquarium Association (ZAA)

Employee associations

Community and Public Sector Union (CPSU)

Professionals Australia

Regulatory bodies

ACT Veterinary Practitioners Board

Veterinary Board of Tasmania

Veterinary Board of the NT

Veterinary Practitioners Board of New South Wales

Veterinary Practitioners Registration Board of Victoria

Veterinary Surgeons Board of Queensland

Veterinary Surgeons Board of South Australia

Veterinary Surgeons’ Board of Western Australia

Data sources and notes

Department of Employment, 2018, Employment Projections, available from the Labour Market Information Portal  

  • by ANZSCO, selected occupations, employment projections to May 2023
    • 3611 Animal Attendants and Trainers.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018, Employed persons by occupation unit group of main job (ANZSCO), Sex, State and Territory, August 1986 onwards 6291.0.55.003 - EQ08, viewed 1 November 2018 <>

  • Employed total by ANZSCO 4 digit occupation, 2000 to 2018, May Quarter
    • 3611 Animal Attendants and Trainers.                                                                                      

Training data has been extracted from the National VET Provider Collection, Total VET Students and Courses from the following training package or qualifications:

  • Animal Care and Management Training Package
    • ACM40110 - Certificate IV in Animal Control and Regulation
    • RUV40104 - Certificate IV in Animal Control and Regulation
    • ACM10110 - Certificate I in Animal Studies
    • ACM20110 - Certificate II in Animal Studies
    • ACM30110 - Certificate III in Animal Studies
    • RUV20104 - Certificate II in Animal Studies
    • RUV20198 - Certificate II in Animal Studies
    • RUV30198 - Certificate III in Animal Studies
    • ACM30210 - Certificate III in Animal Technology
    • ACM50110 - Diploma of Animal Technology
    • RUV30104 - Certificate III in Animal Technology
    • RUV50104 - Diploma of Animal Technology
    • ACM30310 - Certificate III in Captive Animals
    • ACM40210 - Certificate IV in Captive Animals
    • RUV30204 - Certificate III in Captive Animals
    • RUV40204 - Certificate IV in Captive Animals
    • ACM30410 - Certificate III in Companion Animal Services
    • ACM40310 - Certificate IV in Companion Animal Services
    • RUV30304 - Certificate III in Companion Animal Services
    • RUV40304 - Certificate IV in Companion Animal Services
    • ACM30510 - Certificate III in Farriery
    • ACM40512 - Certificate IV in Equine Dentistry
    • ACM30612 - Certificate III in Pet Grooming
    • ACM40612 - Certificate IV in Pet Styling.

This includes superseded qualifications and training packages.

Data covers a range of selected student and training characteristics in the following categories and years:

  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 subject enrolments
  • 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 program completions.

Total VET students and courses data is reported for the calendar year. Program enrolments are the qualifications, courses and skill-sets in which students are enrolled in a given period. For students enrolled in multiple programs, all programs are counted. Program completion indicates that a student has completed a structured and integrated program of education or training. Location data uses student residence. Subject enrolment is registration of a student at a training delivery location for the purpose of undertaking a module, unit of competency or subject. For more information on the terms and definitions, please refer to the Total VET students and courses: terms and definitions document. 

Low counts (less than 5) are not reported to protect client confidentiality.

Percentages are rounded to one decimal place. This can lead to situations where the total sum of proportions in a chart may not add up to exactly 100%.

Animal Care and Management Training Package apprentice and trainee data has been extracted from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection, including:

  • 2010 to 2017 commencements
  • 2010 to 2017 completions 
  • 2017 apprentices and trainees in-training October to December 2017 collection, by qualification and state and territory of data submitter.

Priority skills data have been extracted from the Animal Care and Management IRC's 2018 Skills Forecast.

Burning Glass Technologies: Labor insight – real-time labor market information tool <> 2018.

Job vacancy data have been extracted from Burning Glass Technologies 2018, Labor Insight Real-time Labor Market Information Tool, Burning Glass Technologies, Boston, viewed July 2018, <>.

Data shown represent most requested generic skills, occupations and employers according to internet job postings in Australia between July 2015 and June 2018 filtered by ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification levels listed below.

  • Generic skills / Occupations
    • Animal Attendants and Trainers.
  • Employers.
    • 361199 Animal Attendants and Trainers nec  
    • 361113 Pet Groomer
    • 361111 Dog Handler or Trainer
    • 361112 Horse Trainer
    • 361114 Zookeeper.
Updated: 03 May 2019
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